The first Agricultural Census (AC) in Tonga was conducted in 1985.' The second one was carried out in 2001, and the third AC,2 to which the metadata review and data presented here refer, was undertaken after 14 years, in 2015.
The agriculture sector is the mainstay of the Tongan economy; however, one of the key constraints in measuring performance in the agriculture sector is lack of up-to-date, accurate, agriculture statistics. The objectives of the 2015 AC was expected to:
- Provide a benchmark on the structure of agricultural holdings and their main characteristics
- Use the data collected as the basis for a regular system of statistical reporting
- Build up some important village level statistics
- Establish a technical and organizational foundation on which to build a comprehensive and integrated system of food and agricultural statistics
- Provide a framework from which samples can be drawn to study certain aspects of agricultural activities in greater depth
- Provide information derived from community (village) statistics
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes land tenure, land area and utilization, production of principal crops, livestock, equipment and use of fertilizers.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Food (production, crisis)
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the farm. The following categories of farms were identified for the AC 2015:
· commercial enterprises and households producing crops mainly for sale or export;
· households producing crops mainly for their own consumption but selling any surplus;
· households producing crops solely for their own consumption;
· households with little or no agricultural activity.
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Agriculture, Food, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFFF)
Tonga Statistics Department (TSD)
Food and Agriculture Organization
The 2011 Population Census served as a frame for the holdings in the household sector. The AC 2015 was conducted using complete enumeration.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The interviews were conducted on a face-to-face basis and the information was collected in paper forms (that is, using the PAPI method).
One census questionnaire was used in the AC 2015. The AC 2015 covered 14 of the 16 core items recommended by FAO for the WCA 2010.
See questionnaire in external materials section.
Ministry of Agriculture, Food, Forests and Fisheries
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses