The 2009 National Agricultural Census (NAC) in Fiji, to which the metadata review and data presented here refer, is the fourth to be conducted by the country after 18 years. Before then, Fiji had undertaken three NACs: in 1968, 1978 and 1991.
The success of the National Agriculture Census is attributed to the participation of the farmers of Fiji, both crops and livestock, who provided us with all data that were requested of them. The cooperation of these farmers facilitated us with the relevant information that was needed to determine the sustainability of the industry in terms of food security. The future direction of the industry will be determined by the interaction that took place during the interview process; therefore their voices needed to be heard and ideas taken aboard. The 2009 agriculture census differed from the previous censuses in terms of the scope and methodology used. The Information & Communication Division played an essential role in educating the public on the importance of participating in the census; equally, the work done by the locality officers and Senior Agricultural Officers helped inform the populous on the importance of the census.
The overall objective was to improve the flow of reliable and timely statistical information on the agricultural sector through the conduct of the 2009 National Agriculture Census (NAC). Specific objectives include:
- To conduct the 2009 NAC to provide a benchmark as an objective criteria for planning and policy decisions in sustainable agricultural and rural development.
- To strengthen and improve the on-going Fiji Agriculture Statistics System (FASS) to generate key agricultural data on a regular basis using the results of the 2009 NAC as the benchmark and the dissemination of this statistical information in the form of regular reports
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The questions used in the 2009 NAC were based on previous census questions (to facilitate comparisons) and on internationally recommended questions (FAO) addressing the issues of globalization of markets, food security, poverty and gender equality
Agriculture & Rural Development
Food (production, crisis)
Participation / Empowerment
The statistical unit was the farm (agricultural holding), defined as an "economic unit" of agricultural production under single management comprising all livestock kept and all land used wholly or partly for agricultural production purposes, without regard to title, legal form, or size. Single management could be exercised by an individual or household, jointly by two or more individuals or households, by a clan or a village, or by a juridical person such as a corporation, cooperative or government agency.
Producers and sponsors
Department of Agriculture, Economic Planning and Statistics Division
Ministry of Primary Industry (MPI)
Food and Agriculture Organization
The NAC 2009 was conducted using a Multiple Sampling Frame (MSF) that included the list and the area components (see "Sample design" subsection below for further details). A comprehensive List Sampling Frame (LSF) with complete enumeration was established to provide better estimates with fewer area segments. The EAs used for the Population Census 2007 formed the basis for land use stratification; the areas were adjusted depending on the uniformity of the land use. A combination of complete enumeration (of the units included in the LSF) and sample enumeration (for the area component) were applied in the NAC.
b. Sample design f sampling was used)
The MSF included two components:
· an LSF elaborated by the staff of the Animal Health and Production Division and Extension Division staff, of the DOA; and
· an Area Sampling Frame (ASF).
The segment size was targeted at 1 km2 (100 ha) for all strata. Because some of the smaller districts consisted of only a limited number of segments, it was decided to conduct a complete enumeration of all households in these districts. These districts became part of the Small Island Strategy (SIS). A three-part methodology was adopted. The LSF and SIS farms were "censed" with a sampling rate of 100 percent. These areas were removed from the "national land areas" and the remainder of the area was stratified according to estimated agricultural intensity in the Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics (FIBOS) EAs as used in the Population Census of 2007. An overall rate of 10 percent was used in the area component of the sample.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The interviews were conducted face-to-face; the information was collected in paper forms (using the PAPI method).
Three census questionnaires were used:
· NAC 1 and NAC 3 - to record information on the segments from the sample. The NAC 1 questionnaire itemized all tracts within the segment and all associated farm tracts outside the segment. The NAC 3 questionnaire documented the nonfarm tracts within the segment.
· NAC 2 - to collect census data from list frame farms.
CHAPTER 1. GEOGRAPHICAL AND SAMPLING INFORMATION
CHAPTER 2. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FARM, (on Census Day) and Farmer or Responsible Person of the Farm
CHAPTER 3. Information on Farm Household Members
CHAPTER 4. TOTAL LAND OF THE FARM
CHAPTER 5. TEMPORARY CROPS OF THE FARM
CHAPTER 6. PERMANENT CROPS OF THE FARM
CHAPTER 7. SUGARCANE
CHAPTER 8. SCATTERED PLANTS, TREES AND VINES FOR CROPS ON THE CENSUS DAY
CHAPTER 9. LIVESTOCK
CHAPTER 10. EMPLOYMENT IN THE TOTAL FARM DURING THE LAST WEEK
CHAPTER 11. MACHINERY AND FARM EQUIPMENTS
CHAPTER 12. FARM MANAGEMENT IN THE TOTAL FARM
CHAPTER 13. SKETCH OF FARM BOUNDARIES (when it is not possible drawn on photo enlargement)
Intensive quality control was undertaken, especially during the first three weeks of the census data collection in the four divisions of the country.
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses