|Type||Journal Article - Clinical nutrition ESPEN|
|Title||Effect of Covid-19 on food security: A cross-sectional survey|
Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and subsequent quarantine could raise the risk of food inadequacy and nutrition deficiency crises.
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the impacts of COVID-19 on household food security in Jordan,
determined the percentage of food security and the levels of food insecurity during the quarantine,
determined the associated factor with food insecurity, and determined main food groups associated with
FINS during the quarantine.
Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a Web-based validated questionnaire. The Food
Insecurity Experience Scale was used to measure the food insecurity during the first four weeks of the
quarantine, and a modified food consumption score was used to determine the number of times the
household consumes each food group. Univariate and multiple logistic regression models were used to
describe, explore, and predict risk factors correlated with food insecurity among Jordanians, during the
first four weeks of the quarantine.
Results: A total of 3129 Jordanians had responded to the assessment and fully answered the questionnaire. 23.1% of the total participants were severe food insecure, while 36.1% were moderate food insecure, 40.7% were food secure. The regression model demonstrated the monthly income per capita below
the poverty line and a number of the family member (1e4 and 5e7) associated significantly with
moderate food insecurity (OR: 5.33; 95% CI: 4.44e6.40, OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.47e0.86, OR: 0.76; 95% CI:
0.58e0.98, respectively). As well as with the severe food insecurity (OR: 6.87; 95% CI: 5.542e8.512, OR:
0.52; 95% CI: 0.37e0.74, 0.64; 95% CI: 0.48e0.87, respectively). Age 18e30 years old (OR: 1.80; 95% CI:
1.23e2.65) and living in a rented house (OR: 1.30; 95% CI: 1.01e1.69) were associated significantly with
severe food insecurity. Carbohydrates and the meat group were significantly related to food insecurity
(p-value was <0.001 for both groups).
Conclusion: Covid-19 and its subsequent quarantine have a tangible impact on food security levels for the
populations. Awareness and strategies to support individuals at higher risks should be guided not only by
the income but also by other risk factors identified in the present study as the number of persons in the
family, younger adults (18e30 years old), and those who do not own their houses).