Egypt has conducted eight national agricultural censuses, all by complete enumeration, in the years 1929, 1939, 1950, 1961, 1982, 1990, 2000 and 2010. The metadata presented here refer to the Agricultural Census (AC) 2009-2010.
Economic Affairs Sector in the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation is keen to develop and update statistical data continuously and available in appropriate time to assist decision makers to shape and adopt agricultural policies that ensure the optimal available agricultural resources based on economic fundamentals. The agricultural census is a comprehensive survey for the economic structure of the National Agricultural during specified periods and is conducted in Egypt on a regular basis every ten years since 1929. The AC 2009-2010 is the eighth agricultural census and comes after the variables within the agricultural sector in recent years. That census should reflect these changes and deal with comprehensive survey data about new land in a form that can be classified and published separately from the old lands which have an important part in building statistical database.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study covered the following topics:
· Holdings Characteristics
· Cultivated Area
· Irrigation and Drainage
- main soure of irrigation
- main irrigation system
· Farm machinery
· Livestock, poultry and beehives
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as an economic and technical unit comprising all livestock kept and all land used wholly or partly for agricultural production purposes. A holding was defined as being within a single district (administrative unit). A certain threshold was applied to establish the census universe
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation (MALR)
Government of Egypt
Government of Egypt
i. Methodological modality for conducting the census
The classical approach was used in the AC 2009/2010.
During the first phase of the census fieldwork, a complete list of the agricultural holdings in the household sector was established. The administrative data sources owned by different institutions were used to build the census frame for the non-household sector (the Real Estate Tax Authority, directorates of agriculture, agricultural associations, veterinary units, mechanization units, the Land Reclamation Sector of the MALR, etc.).
ii. Complete and/or sample enumeration methods
All holdings in scope were covered by complete enumeration.
iii. Sample design
Dates of Data Collection
Phase I: the listing operation
Phase II: census data collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Apart from using the Face-to-face interviewing using the PAPI method to collect census data from the agricultural holdings - civil persons, the self-interviewing method was also used to collect data from the agricultural holdings - juridical persons, under the guidance of chief enumerators.
Paper-based forms were used for both phases of the census fieldwork:
(i) a listing form to identify the holdings in the household sector;
(ii) a detailed questionnaire for census data collection.
The AC 2010 covered 14 of the 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010. All questionnaires are attached to external documents.
(a) DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
The census questionnaires were first checked and verified by supervisors. After initial quality procedures were applied, the questionnaires were sent to the computer centre for manual data entry, processing and production of final results.
(b) CENSUS DATA QUALITY
Significant emphasis was placed on data quality throughout the entire census exercise, including training, supervision of fieldwork, data entry, editing and validation. A comparison between the census results and some administrative data sources (such as the total area of holdings and cultivated area, livestock numbers and agricultural machinery) was made for validation purposes.
Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation,
Economic Affairs Sector,
General Department of Agricultural Census,
Address: 7 El Said Club St., El Dokki, Giza, Egypt
Telephone: (+20) (0)233375075
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses