The first census of agriculture (CA) during the colonial period was conducted in 1951, followed by a second one in 1961, and a third CA in 1999/2000 (this was the first CA in the post-independence period). The CA 2009/2010,1 to which the metadata and data presented here refer, is the fourth agricultural census to be carried out in the Republic of Mozambique.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study covered the following areas:
· Household identification
· Information on farms/land
· Information on annual basic food crops
· Production and sale of cassava and sweet potatoes
· Information on cash crops
· Information on horticultural and other annual crops
· Information on fruit trees and fruit trees
· Information on effective production and animal health
· Information on workforce and use of technical assistance
· Information on products of animal origin
· Labour information
· Information on means of production and infrastructure
· Aquaculture information
· Information on food safety
· Information on practices, agricultural services and fisheries
Agriculture & Rural Development
Forests & Forestry
Food (production, crisis)
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as an economic unit of agricultural production under single management based on the use of land for agricultural production, without regard to the legal aspects of ownership (title) or size.
Producers and sponsors
National Institute of Statistics (INE)
Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security
i. Methodological modality for conducting the census
The modular approach was used in the CA, covering six supplementary modules: (i) Crops; (ii) Livestock; (iii) Farm labour; (iv) Aquaculture; (v) Food security; and (vi) Agricultural practices and agricultural services. The CPH 2007 included an agriculture module that served as a core module for the CA 2009/2010.
The frame consisted of all agricultural households identified during the CPH 2007. Based on the CPH data, 45 279 EAs were delineated for the CA 2009/2010. A special list frame was developed to identify the large farm holdings in each district. A total of 884 large farms were enumerated in the CA 2009/2010. These farms were excluded from the sampling frame, to avoid duplication.
iii. Complete and/or sample enumeration methods
Sample enumeration was used for supplementary modules.
iv. Sample design
Two-stage sampling was used for supplementary modules. A sample of more than 40 000 farm holdings (approximately 35 020 small holdings and 3 500 medium-size holdings) was selected. Large holdings were surveyed in their entirety (100 percent, throughout the country). During the first sampling stage, the EAs were selected systematically, with probability proportional to size (PPS) within each stratum (district, urban and rural). The measures of size were based on the number of agricultural households in the EA from the CPH 2007. All of the medium-sized holdings identified in the listing were included in the sample with certainty in the second sampling stage. A random systematic sample of ten small holdings was selected, with equal probability in each sampled EA.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
There were two types of electronic questionnaires:
1. for small- and medium-sized agricultural households
2. for large farms.
The questionnaires enabled data collection for six supplementary modules. All 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010 were covered in the CA, namely:
0001 Identification and location of agricultural holding
0002+ Legal status of agricultural holder
0003 Sex of agricultural holder
0004 Age of agricultural holder
0005 Household size
0006 Main purpose of production of the holding
0007 Area of holding according to land use types
0008 Total area of holding
0009 Land tenure types on the holding
0010 Presence of irrigation on the holding
0011 Types of temporary crops on the holding
0012 Types of permanent crops on the holding and whether in compact plantation
0013 Number of animals on the holding for each livestock type
0014 Presence of aquaculture on the holding
0015+ Presence of forest and other wooded land on the holding
0016 Other economic production activities of the holding’s enterprise
1. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Data entry, including preliminary data edits, was done in the field on notebooks by the enumerators, at the time of the interview. The data were then transferred electronically in email attachments to the data processing centre, where they were subjected to a second editing process. Each questionnaire was backed up on a memory stick and then backed up a second time (a backup to the backup). The software packages used were CSPro, SPSS and STATA, among others.
2. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
To ensure that the census data were accurate, control procedures were set up throughout data collection and processing to control sampling and non-sampling errors.
Institute Nacional de Estatistica (INE)
Direccao de Estatisticas Sectoriais e das Empresas
Address: Avenida 24 de Julho 1989, 5° andar caixa postal, 493, Maputo, Mozambique
Telephone: (+258) 21327925 / 21327926
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses