The Census of Agriculture (CA) 2004-2008' is the third CA to be carried out in Niger. Previous agricultural censuses were conducted in 1970 and 1980.
The General Census of Agriculture and Livestock i.e. Recensement Général de l’Agriculture et du Cheptel (RGAC) is the result of a successful cooperation between the Government of Niger, the European Union, the World Bank and the FAO. The objective of this important statistical operation is to improve the quality of the census, specifically the effectiveness of agricultural and rural development programmes, for which there is a need for a renewed statistical information system capable of :
- Providing the data to better analyse constraints and target interventions accurately;
- Evaluating the impact and measure the performance of the actions carried out;
- Monitoring progress towards achieving the results assigned to the Rural Development Strategy (RDS) and the policy aimed at reducing poverty in Niger.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study covered the following topics:
- Passage corridor
o sedentary pastoral
o transhumant grazing systems
- Horticultural farming
- Agricultural organization/affliliations
Agriculture & Rural Development
The statistical unit was the agricultural (farm) household, defined as "a household where any of its members practices agriculture without being only an employee in agriculture".
Producers and sponsors
Central Census Bureau
The Government of Niger
The government of Niger
i. Methodological modality for conducting the census
The CA 2004-2008 adopted a modular approach, with a core module and nine supplementary/thematic modules.
The main source of sampling frame consisted in the EAs from the Population Census (PC) 2001. Approximately 7 500 out of 8 000 EAs were included. The PC also provided the list of households involved in agricultural activities. In addition, the livestock frame included all known water points and transhumant routes.
iii.Complete and/or sample enumeration method(s)
A complete enumeration of households within the 7 465 EAs from the PC which engaged in agricultural activity was done to identify agricultural households.
The supplementary/thematic modules were conducted using sample enumeration.
iv. Sample design
A stratified two-stage sampling design was used for the supplementary/thematic modules. The 36 departments served as strata. A sample was then drawn at the departmental level. The EAs were the PSUs and households were the SSUs, and were selected at EA level with an equal probability. According to the module, relevant samples of EAs were designed. In total, approximately 13 000 households were selected for the crop production module and 12 000 households for the animal production module.
Dates of Data Collection
Supplementary and "thematic" modules
Data Collection Mode
The CA used 19 questionnaires for the core and supplementary/thematic modules. The questionnaires addressed topics such as: irrigated and rainfed crops, crop farm productivity, livestock numbers by type of animal, sedentary, nomadic, and transhumant livestock, livestock productivity, food security, support for farmers' organizations. The questionnaires used were:
Q1: Pre-census of agricultural households
Q2: Inventory and measurement of pastoral settlements
Q3: Inventory and measurement of plots of land
Q4: Laying and harvesting the yield squares
Q7: Survey of water points in dry season concentration areas
Q8: Census of terminal crossing points of transhumance corridors
Q9: Census of sedentary livestock
Q9-2 : Complementary study of the livestock numbers in the avian population
Q10: Census of transhumant livestock
Q11: Nomadic livestock census
Q11-2 :Complementary study of the nomadic livestock
Q12: Census of horticultural production sites
Q14: Estimated areas and horticultural production
Q15: Inventory of markets
Q17: Village questionnaire
Q18: Household questionnaire
Q19: Plot questionnaire
The CA questionnaires covered 11 of the 16 core items3 recommended for the WCA 2010 round.
1. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Data entry, editing and imputation were undertaken using the CSPro software. The SPSS software was used for data analysis and Microsoft Excel was used for tabulation.
2. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
Efforts were made to minimize non-sampling errors through thorough preparation of training materials and formation of census personnel, and by making quality consciousness an important part of the work of enumerators and supervisors.
Ministere de ('Agriculture et de l'elevage, Direction des Statistiques
Address: B.P. 12091, Niamey, the Niger
Telephone: (+227) 20737959 / 20732147
Institut National de la Statistique
Address: BP 13416 Niamey, the Niger
Telephone: (+227) 20723560
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses