Agricultural censuses in Seychelles were conducted in 1950 and 1961. Agriculture modules were included in the Censuses of Population and Housing (CPH) conducted in 1971, 1977, 1987, 1994, 2002 and 2010. The Census of Agriculture (CA), to which the data and metadata review presented here refer, was conducted in 2011.
In 1978, an agricultural survey was conducted using the 1977 Census of Population and Housing as the frame. Data was collected over a 15-month period, January 1978 to April 1979. Three strata were identified, namely:
- A comprehensive quarterly postal inquiry to all known large farmers
- A sample survey of small scale-producers of fruits and vegetables for sale
- A sample survey of small scale livestock holders
Actual coverage rates were lower than the design. The response rate of the postal enquiry of large farms declined from 82% at the start of the survey to 68% at the end. Of the 164 small-scale producers selected out of the total of 634, only 127 were enumerated. For livestock, out of 1,547 livestock holders, 106 were selected and 92 enumerated. There was also a supplementary sample of non-farming households set at 250 (Total 3,758) but the achieved sample size was only 144. The actual sample sizes were, therefore, very small casting some doubt as to the reliability of the estimates generated, particularly where these were disaggregated by region. In 1998 a second attempt was made to conduct an agricultural survey to update the 1978 database. This was not particularly successful and only limited, generally qualitative, data was generated. The main weakness was poor response. A report is available as part of its on-going programme on agricultural statistics, the Seychelles Agricultural Agency (SAA) collects data from the main livestock producers, on a regular basis. No regular data collection, however, is undertaken for the small livestock producers. The SAA has a list of registered farmers and crop area and production data is collected from these on an ‘ad hoc’ basis making the data difficult to analyse and interpret.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study covered topics in agriculture (including fruit and nut trees), labour, marketing, infrastructure and income.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Food (production, crisis)
Land (policy, resource management)
Access to Finance
Forests & Forestry
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding (farm). Two types of holdings were distinguished: (i) agricultural enterprises (holdings in the non-household sector); and (ii) agricultural households (holdings in the household sector), farming mainly for sale.
Producers and sponsors
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)
National Bureau of Statistics
Food and Agriculture Organization
Seychelles Agricultural Agency
i. Methodological modality for conducting the census
The classical approach was applied in the 2011 CA.
The CPH 2010, which included an agriculture module, was used to establish the frame for the holdings in the household sector. The SAA provided the frame of large farms and registered farmers. To ensure that the large livestock producers would be included, lists of pig breeders and farms with broilers and/or layers were obtained from the livestock department.
iii. Complete and/or sample enumeration methods
Non-household farms and agricultural households classified as "producing mainly for sale" in the CPH 2010 were covered by complete enumeration. Other farms were subject to sample surveys.
iv. Sample design
This was not applied for the enumeration of farms in the CA 2011.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The "household/holding form" was used for CA data collection. It covered the following sections:
Section I - Household composition
Section II - Purpose of growing crops
Section III - Household agricultural income and credit
Section IV - Livestock and other animals
Section V - Number of holdings and method of operation
Section VI - Parcel details
Section VII - Fruit/nuts/other tree crops
Section VIII - Vegetables and other temporary crops
Section IX - Labour inputs
Section X - Marketing
Section XI - Use of fertilizers and agricultural chemicals
Section XII - Equipment owned and hired/borrowed
Section XIII - Irrigation
Section XIV - Infrastructure
Section XV - Area not cultivable
Section XVI - Other economic activities of the holding
The CA 2011 questionnaire covered 13 of the 16 core items recommended for the WCA 2010 round. Items not covered were : (i) "Household size"; (ii) "Presence of aquaculture on the holding"; and (iii) "Presence of forests and other woodland on the holding".
Manual data entry was used to enter census data.
The census results were released through printed reports, the NBS website, and a dissemination workshop with stakeholders. The census report includes thematic maps illustrating the distribution of farms, the land area under agricultural activities and livestock counts by district.
National Bureau of Statistics
Address: Caravelle House, Victoria Mahe, Republic of Seychelles
Telephone: (+248) 4611650
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses