The first Census of Agriculture in Uganda was undertaken in 1963/1965, the second in 1990/1991, and the third in 2008/2009. Agriculture modules were included in the Population and Housing Censuses (PHCs) conducted in 2002 and 2014. Uganda also conducted a National Livestock Census (NLC) in 2008. The metadata review and data presented here refer to the Uganda Census of Agriculture (UCA) 2008/09.
Prior to the conducting of the Uganda Census of Agriculture (UCA), 2008/09 two (2) other censuses had been conducted. The first CA was conducted during 1963/65. The Government of Uganda was assisted
by FAO and the then Department for Technical Cooperation of the United Kingdom both of which provided international and census equipment to a varying degree. The second CA called the National Census of Agriculture and Livestock (NCAL) was conducted during 1990/91. It was funded by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and executed by FAO. Therefore the UCA 2008/09 formed the third CA in the history of census taking in Uganda.
Objectives of the UCA 2008/09:
While the long-term objective of the UCA, 2008/09 was to have a system of Food and Agriculture Statistics (FAS) in place, the immediate objective was to collect and generate benchmark data needed for the monitoring and evaluation of the agricultural sector at all levels, through a nation-wide CA.
More specifically, the objectives of the UCA, 2008/09 can be stated as:
i) Provision of data on the social and economic factors of Uganda’s agricultural structure by inter-relating various characteristics of holdings e.g. size of a holding and by type of holding and factors such as fragmentation, land tenure, land utilisation, crop patterns, use of fertilisers and agro-chemicals, use of farm implements and machinery, farm population and labour force;
ii) Provision of detailed agricultural data such as number of holdings, total area of holdings, basic pattern of land utilisation, area under crops and extent of irrigation;
iii) Provision of a benchmark for improving the reliability of current agricultural statistics from annual surveys and administrative sources and for assessing future agricultural development; and,
iv) Creation and strengthening of the national capacity in agricultural censuses and surveys taking.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The UCA 2008/09 collected data on various structural characteristics of the agricultural holdings such as:
i) Number and size of holdings
ii) Land access/ownership/tenure and use
iii) Demographic characteristics of the holder and his/her household
iv) Use of agricultural labour
v) Access and use of implements and farm machinery etc.
vii) Agricultural credit/loans
viii) Agricultural buildings/storage facilities
ix) Mode of transportation
x) Sources of agricultural information
xi) Access to facilities e.g. Electricity, roads, markets, inputs etc.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
Access to Finance
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding (farm), defined as an economic unit of agricultural production under single management comprising all livestock kept and all land used wholly or partly for agricultural production purposes, without regard to title, legal form or size. Single management may be exercised by "an individual or by a household, jointly by two or more individuals or households, by a clan or tribe or a cooperative or government parastatals".
Producers and sponsors
Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS)
Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF)
Food and Agriculture Organization
Department for International Development
Government of Uganda
i. Sample design
A stratified two-stage sample design was used for the small and medium-scale household-based agricultural holdings. At the first stage Enumeration Areas (EAs) were selected with Probability Proportional to Size (PPS), and at the second stage, households which were the ultimate sampling units were selected using systematic sampling.
ii. Sample size
The sample size of 3,606 EAs was then allocated to 80 districts following power allocation in which samples are allocated to different strata with a view to obtain reliable district level estimates while maintaining the interest of the national level estimates.
93.5 percent response rate
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The CA 2008/2009 comprised four separate forms (questionnaires):
(i) UCA form 2, the "Agricultural household and holding characteristics module"
(ii) UCA form 4, the "Crop area module"
(iii) UCA form 5, the "Crop production module"
(iv) UCA form 6, for private large-scale and institutional farms.
There was no questionnaire for livestock, because livestock items were collected in the NCL 2008. All 16 core items recommended by FAO for the WCA 2010 were covered by the census questionnaire, namely;
0001 Identification and location of agricultural holding
0002+ Legal status of agricultural holder
0003 Sex of agricultural holder
0004 Age of agricultural holder
0005 Household size
0006 Main purpose of production of the holding
0007 Area of holding according to land use types
0008 Total area of holding
0009 Land tenure types on the holding
0010 Presence of irrigation on the holding
0011 Types of temporary crops on the holding
0012 Types of permanent crops on the holding and whether in compact plantation
0013 Number of animals on the holding for each livestock type
0014 Presence of aquaculture on the holding
0015+ Presence of forest and other wooded land on the holding
0016 Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise
i. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
There was concurrent collection and processing of the data. As soon as this was completed, the questionnaires were sent directly to the data processing centre, UBOS.4 CSPro was used for data processing, including data entry, editing and management of the information within a batch. MS Access and Visual Basic were used for general data management, while STATA was used for data editing and analysis and Microsoft Excel was used for tabulation.
ii. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
Significant emphasis was placed on data quality throughout the exercise, from the planning stage to questionnaire design, training, supervision, data entry, validation and cleaning/editing. Standard errors and coefficients of variation for the main variables are presented in the UCA reports.
Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries
Uganda Bureau of Statistics
Address: Plot 9, Colville Street, Kampala, Uganda
Telephone: (+256) 414706000
See also https://www.ubos.org/about-us/copyright-disclaimer-and-privacy-policy/
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses