The National Agricultural Census (NAC) 2014 of the Republic of Costa Rica is the sixth agricultural census to be conducted. The previous agricultural censuses were conducted in 1950, 1955, 1963, 1973 and 1984.
The NAC is a large-scale statistical investigation conducted periodically to collect, process and disseminate data on the structure of the agricultural sector.
The general Objective of the VI National Agricultural Census Provide the country with basic, reliable information and significant on the agricultural reality, which allows strengthening its technical capacity to formulate plans, programs and development instruments, studies and policy analysis that tend to improve efficiency and effectiveness in the management of one of the sectors of greatest contribution to the national economy and the welfare of the population.
1. Collect, process, analyse, publish and disseminate census information on the agricultural sector.
2. Strengthen the technical and operational capacity of agricultural sector institutions to plan, organize and implement agricultural censuses and surveys.
3. Obtain the databases that allow for the updating of the sampling frameworks used for the collection of continuous agricultural surveys and for conducting intercensal statistical research.
4. Increase the levels of participation through adequate encouragement, both of technical and administrative staff of the participating institutions and of users, to achieve better training and use of the sector's information.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes:
I. Location of the farm
II. General characteristics of the producer and the farm
III. Land holding at the time of the understanding
IV. Land use up to date of entitlement
V. Agricultural activities
VI. Livestock activities
VII. Agricultural practices
IX. Machinery, equipment and infrastructure
X. Agricultural services
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit for the NAC 2014 was the agricultural farm, defined as "any land area, dedicated totally or partially to agricultural production for sale or self-consumption, managed by a household, society, company, public institution or other, whose tasks may be coordinated or directly accomplished by a person or with the help of others, and whose activities are carried out under the same management, by using the same means of production, such as labour, machinery, equipment and work animals". The definition of agricultural holdings includes aquaculture and forestry activities. Therefore, if the holding has only one those activities, it is considered as an agriculture holding. The farm can be constituted by one or more plots, under property or under other type of tenure, and may be located together or separately from one another, in the same canton or in different cantons. It includes family gardens, hydroponics and organoponics agricultural systems. The agricultural producer is the individual or legal entity that assumes full economic responsibility in the management of the farm and that may or may not have technical functions; it may manage the farm personally or exercise this function through another person who administers it.
Producers and sponsors
National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC
Executive Secretariat for Agricultural Sector Planning
Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock
Food and Agriculture Organization
the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture
i. Methodological modality for conducting the census
The NAC 2014 used the classical approach.
Data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock were a source for the agricultural census frame. The cartography of the National Population and Housing Census 2011 was used for the NAC 2014.
iii. Complete and/or sample enumeration methods
The complete enumeration method was used for the NAC 2014.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
A single questionnaire was applied to collect all census information. Compared to the previous NAC, the NAC 2014 collected new items, such as data on irrigation and drainage practices, agricultural practices, agricultural equipment and infrastructure, agricultural support services, and variables related to food security and the environment. The sixth NAC covered 15 of the 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010. The item "Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise" was not covered.
1. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Data entry was done by scanning the questionnaires. The data processing programme was developed by INEC using C# and CSPro. A designing, processing and analysis team supported this process. Microsoft SQL Server was used as a database management system. Census data were exported using SPSS.
2. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
To ensure quality in the design and preparation of the census, several field tests in different parts of the country were carried out, including the 2013 pilot agricultural census, in which the following were evaluated: the functionality of the census questionnaire, the productivity of the enumerator during the interview, the communication strategy, etc.
Institute Nacional de Estadistica y Censos (INEC)
De la Rotonda de La Bandera 450 metros oeste,
sobre Calle Los Negritos,
Edificio Ana Lorena,
Mercedes de Montes de Oca,
Telephone: (+506) 22809280
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses