The first Census of Agriculture (CA) in Jamaica was undertaken, together with the Census of Population and Housing, in 1943. The second CA was carried out in 1961, while the third was conducted in 1968/1969, and represented the first participation of Jamaica in the FAO World Census of Agriculture Programme. Subsequently, agricultural censuses were undertaken in 1978/1979 and 1996. The metadata presented here refers to the sixth CA conducted in Jamaica in 2007.
A census of agriculture is a large-scale, periodic, statistical operation for the collection of quantitative information on the structure of agriculture. The 2007 census of agriculture of Jamaica was conducted as part of the United Nations Food and Agriculture (FAO) world programme for the 2010 round of censuses, covering the period 2005-2014. The Statistical Institute will undertake the core census module in 2007 to provide the following:
1. an update on the ownership structure and utilization of all lands in farms
2. measurements of structural changes occurring since the last census in such areas as the size and distribution of farms, cropping patterns as well as poultry and livestock rearing;
3. bench mark data for improving current estimates of crop and livestock production;
4. a frame for the agricultural sample surveys which will be undertaken as part of the census supplementary modules. The Ministry of Agriculture will undertake a series of sample surveys focusing on specific priority topics during the period 2009-2011.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The information collected in the census was on socio-demographic aspects, agricultural activities, livestock and irrigation use.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit is the agricultural holding, defined as all the lands being utilized in full or in part for agricultural purposes, and is located in a single parish. It may consist of one parcel of land or of several parcels. A farm may comprise land in crops or may be animals only. Where it comprises several parcels, all parcels must be located within the same parish to be considered a single farm. Where there are animals only, and no land is dedicated to their rearing, these are referred to as landless farms. In terms of size, a holding or farm is any agricultural enterprise with a minimum of at least one of the cut-off limits described
Producers and sponsors
Director General of the Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN)
Ministry of Agriculture
Rural Agricultural Development Authority
University of West Indies
Planning Institute of Jamaica
i. Methodological modality for conducting the census
Although a modular approach was planned for conducting the CA 2007, only one census module was implemented by the country, due to budget and time constraints.
A listing of households was designed through enumerators' visits to households. In addition, the lists of farms with 20 ha or more, based on the previous agricultural census, were scrutinized and updated. Complete and/or sample enumeration methods The AC was conducted using complete enumeration. Enumeration took place through visits to all households in the enumeration districts, each household being identified as either a farm or non-farm household. A questionnaire was then administered for every farm identified in each household. The total number of enumeration districts identified for coverage was 3 198, of which 160 were classified as urban. All parishes with the exception of Kingston were included.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Enumeration took place through visits to all households in the enumeration districts, each household being identified as either a farm or non-farm household. A questionnaire was then administered for every farm identified in each household. The total number of enumeration districts identified for coverage was 3 198, of which 160 were classified as urban. All parishes with the exception of Kingston were included.
One questionnaire was used in the CA 2007. Information was collected on:
(i) Characteristics of Holder:
Highest level of educational attainment
Training in agriculture and years in operating a farm/holding
(ii) Characteristics of Holding:
Main purpose of production (home consumption/sale)
Main agricultural activity
Parish of location
Total farm size
Number of parcels
Tenure of parcels
Utilization of land
Area under cultivation for specific crops
Type and number of livestock or poultry
Methods of irrigation used
The census questionnaire covered 13 items from the 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010.4 The following items were not covered:
(i) "Presence of aquaculture on the holding"
(ii) "Presence of forest and other woodland on the holding"
(iii) "Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise
1. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Data were manually entered and coded. Editing of primary data was done through inconsistency checking routines. External data were used for the validation of census results.
2. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
No information on census data quality was provided in the census reports available.
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Statistical Institute of Jamaica
Address: 7 Cecelio Avenue, P.O. Box 643, Kingston 10, Jamaica
Telephone: (+876) 9265311
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