The first National Agricultural Census (AC) in Nicaragua was conducted in 1963. A second census was conducted in 1971.1 Almost 30 years later, Nicaragua carried out its third agricultural census, in 2001. The fourth AC, to which these metadata review and data refer, was conducted in 2011.
The aim of the NAC is to provide the country with basic, reliable and meaningful information about the reality to strengthen their technical capacity to formulate plans, development programmes and instruments, studies and policy analysis that tend to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of driving one of the sectors that contribute most to the national economy and the welfare of the population.
- To update the global information of the agricultural sector.
- To facilitate the formulation of policies, programmes and projects in the sector.
- To strengthen the technical and operational capacity of the sector's institutions.
- To update the sample frameworks.
- To contribute to improve the information system of the agricultural sector.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes:
Size of the agricultural operations
Land tenure and use
Agricultural and livestock practices
Access to credit, assistance
Existence of large and small livestock
Labour in the agricultural sector
Main activity of the Farm
Holding of the plots
Aquaculture activity on the farms
Characteristic of the producer's household members
Agriculture & Rural Development
Food (production, crisis)
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as land used wholly or partly for agricultural production, livestock or a combination of both, which are operated as an economic unit within a municipality, regardless of size, type of tenure, or legal status. Agricultural holdings can be an individual (natural person), a cooperative, family collective, an enterprise, an indigenous community and the public administration.
Producers and sponsors
National Institute of Development Information (INIDE)
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Food and Agriculture Organization
Government of Canada
Government of Norway
Government of Brazil
International Fund for Agricultural Development
US Agency for International Development
i. Methodological modality for conducting the census
The classical approach was used in the AC 2011.
Agriculture Record Segments (SEAs) from the AC 2001 were used, as well as the urban segments from the Population and Housing Census 2005 (CPV'05), which were households declaring to have a household member who performed some agricultural activity (as employer/employee or self-employed). For the Caribbean Coast, where MAGFOR sectors were not delimited, mapping provided by the CPV'05 was used.
iii. Complete and/or sample enumeration methods
The fourth AC in Nicaragua was carried out using complete enumeration.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Two questionnaires were used in the AC:
1. for holding-level data collection
2. for the community survey
The AC 2011 questionnaire covered all 16 items recommended for the WCA 2010 round, namely;
0001 Identification and location of agricultural holding
0002+ Legal status of agricultural holder
0003 Sex of agricultural holder
0004 Age of agricultural holder
0005 Household size
0006 Main purpose of production of the holding
0007 Area of holding according to land use types
0008 Total area of holding
0009 Land tenure types on the holding
0010 Presence of irrigation on the holding
0011 Types of temporary crops on the holding
0012 Types of permanent crops on the holding and whether in compact plantation
0013 Number of animals on the holding for each livestock type
0014 Presence of aquaculture on the holding
0015+ Presence of forest and other wooded land on the holding
0016 Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise
1. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Coding and editing were done after fieldwork to check for inconsistencies. Double data entry was performed to minimize errors at the data entry stage. This stage was followed by an automated data editing.
2. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
A PES was conducted 15 days after completion of field data collection (July 2011), to assess the coverage and content errors of census data.
Institute Nacional De Informacion de Desarrollo (INIDE)
Address: 43 Av Suroeste, Managua, Nicaragua
Tel: (+505) 26661 78 / 2662825
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses