The 2007 Saint Lucia Census of Agriculture (CA), to which the present metadata review and data refer, is the country's sixth agricultural census. Previous agricultural censuses were conducted in 1946, 1961, 1973-1974, 1986 and 1996.
St Lucia had conducted its last Census of Agriculture in 1996. Previous Agricultural Censuses had been taken in 1946, 1961, 1973/74 and 1986. Therefore, the 2007 St Lucia Census of Agriculture is the country’s sixth agricultural census. Since the Census of Agriculture in 1996 several changes have occurred in the country, which have strongly impacted on the agriculture sector and the national economy in general.
The 2007 Census of Agriculture (CAF) had the following main objectives:
1. To provide data on the structure of agriculture, especially for small administrative units
2. To provide data to be used as benchmarks for current agricultural statistics
3. To provide frames for agricultural sample surveys
4. To provide data to help monitor progress towards global development targets, in particular the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s)
5. To increase the capabilities of the Corporate Planning Unit in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, to plan, design, collect, process, analyze and disseminate agricultural information
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
In particular, the 2007 St Lucia Census of Agriculture collected data on the following variables:
a) Identification and location of agricultural holdings
b) Identification and legal status of agricultural holders
c) Population and employment in agricultural holdings; Land on holdings
d) Total land, land tenure and land use
e) Number of trees by type of permanent/medium term crop
f) Area under compact plantation of banana, plantain and coconut
g) Number of holdings growing temporary crops by type of crop
h) Type of forests in holdings and production of non-timber forest products
i) Number of livestock by type
j) Type of machinery and equipment
k) Selected agricultural practices and facilities
l) Farm organizations membership
m) Proportion of household income coming from agriculture
n) Sex and age of persons responsible for the different farming activities
o) Whether or not other economic activities are carried out by members of the holder’s household and their type
p) Whether or not remittances are received in the holder’s household
Agriculture & Rural Development
Forests & Forestry
Land (policy, resource management)
Access to Finance
Migration & Remittances
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as an economic unit of agricultural production, under single management, comprising all livestock kept and land used, wholly or partly, for agricultural production purposes, without regard to title, legal form and above a certain minimal threshold
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Office (CSO)
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
i. Type of Enumeration
The 2007 St Luc ia Census of Agriculture was a complete enumeration exercise. All households in the island were visited. For every household a line of the screening form was filled. The screening form was designed to identify agricultural holdings to be enumerated. Once an agricultural holding above the cut-off limits was identified, an Agricultural Censal Questionnaire was filled. For purposes of enumeration the twelve Administrative Districts of the country were subdivided into 421 enumeration districts (ED). Every enumerator was charged with the enumeration of one or more Enumeration Districts.
ii. Census Frames
Data from the 2001 Population and Housing Census along with records from other sources (agriculture extension officers, farmer associations, etc.) served as censal frames. A list of farms of more than 25 acres, a list of farms with greenhouses, a list of poultry farms were compiled prior to the taking of the census to ensure complete coverage.
The cartography of the Agricultural Census was the same used for the 2001 Population and Housing Census. The same Enumeration Districts were also used. This procedure allows for comparisons and geographical links between the two censuses.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The country was divided into 421 EDs. Enumerators were required to canvass the ED assigned identifying all households in it, and applying the screening form to identify those holdings above the thresholds, as well as to collect information on small holdings below them. The items of the screening form comprised: area with temporary crops, selected fruit trees, livestock (including poultry), beehives, and engagement in fishing activities for households below the threshold. The long questionnaire was applied to holdings above the threshold.
The following thresholds were established to distinguish small holdings from other holdings:
· one eighth of an acre (1 acre, or 0.4 ha) of any temporary crop;
· ten bearing trees of any tree crop;
· 100 mats of banana and/or plantain;
· one head of cattle;
· two pigs or goats or sheep or one head of any two of these;
· 12 poultry, 12 rabbit, or 12 head of poultry and rabbits together
Holdings with activity exceeding at least one of the cut-off limits mentioned above were enumerated by means of the holding questionnaire. The rest of the holdings were enumerated using the screening form.
Two types of questionnaires were used:
(i) a "screening form"
(ii) a "holding questionnaire" (long questionnaire).
The CA 2007 covered all 16 core items recommended by FAO in the 2010 WCA round, namely;
0001 Identification and location of agricultural holding
0002+ Legal status of agricultural holder
0003 Sex of agricultural holder
0004 Age of agricultural holder
0005 Household size
0006 Main purpose of production of the holding
0007 Area of holding according to land use types
0008 Total area of holding
0009 Land tenure types on the holding
0010 Presence of irrigation on the holding
0011 Types of temporary crops on the holding
0012 Types of permanent crops on the holding and whether in compact plantation
0013 Number of animals on the holding for each livestock type
0014 Presence of aquaculture on the holding
0015+ Presence of forest and other wooded land on the holding
0016 Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise
1. Quality checks
During and after the enumeration phase several activities to ensure the quality of the censal data and the correct processing of information were carried out. About 10 holdings per Enumeration District were revisited by supervisors in order to check for the quality of data recorded by the enumerators. After the Enumeration District was completed and the field checks performed by supervisors, the manual editors/coders, edited and coded all questionnaires. When necessary, questionnaires were sent back to the field in order to verify and correct inaccurate recorded information.
2. Data processing
Once all questionnaires in a batch were ready, they were entered in the database. The data entry program also allowed for another level of data verification. A validation program to detect inconsistencies was also run. Only after all databases were “cleaned” the final tables were produced. The data were keypunched in batches and coded. The editing of the census data was also performed manually. This comprised 100-percent first and second reviews; 10 percent of the reviewed questionnaires were screened, and if any problem was identified the entire batch was reviewed again. Imputation was used in extreme cases and after exhausting all other sources. Validation of census data was performed through quality checks, mainly with external sources. SPSS was used for data processing. Users may access the census results (only aggregate data) via institutional websites. Preliminary tables were checked internally and with external data sources to guarantee the accuracy of the final censal data. Finally censal coverage and others quality checks were performed.
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