The first agricultural census (AC) in Argentina was conducted in 1888. Subsequently, eleven ACs were carried out in 1895, 1908, 1914, 1937, 1947, 1952, 1960, 1969, 1988, 2002 and 2008. The information reported here relate to the AC conducted in 2008.
The National Agricultural Census is the main source of statistical data on all farms. Its main purpose is to obtain information on the central characteristics of agricultural, livestock and forestry activity. It allows, from the information, to make updating samples, to identify and quantify new forms of organization of the agricultural production, to give account of the best data to update the National Accounts and in short it is part of the necessary inputs to make diagnoses of the agricultural sector that allow to formulate strategic plans in the diverse areas of government and in the private sector or social organizations.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes:
I. Identification of the farm and the producer
II. Legal type
III. Management modalities
IV. Land tenure regime
V. Land use
VI. Cultural practices
VII. Livestock activity
VIII. Related activities
IX. Constructions, installations and improvements
X. Machinery, equipment and vehicles
XI. Housing, population and labour
XII. Marketing of products
XIII. Location of the plots, details of the informant and sketch of the holding
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding (Explotacion Agropecuaria, or EAP), defined as "the organizational unit of agricultural production with at least 500 m2 within a single province that, regardless of the number of parcels: (i) produces crop, livestock or forestry goods for marketing; (ii) has a management that manages the functions and assumes the risks associated with production activities; and (iii) utilizes in all its parcels the same production means and part of the same labour". The agricultural holdings comprised both holdings in the household-sector and in non-household-sector.
Producers and sponsors
National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC)
Ministry of Economy and Production
National Census Committee
For census purposes, INDEC mapping divides the territory of each province into census "fractions" (fracciones), further divided into radios. This division is fundamentally linked to the population census. The radio may be classified as one of three types: rural, urban and mixed. Most of the radios classified as rural and mixed were covered by the AC; urban areas were excluded. In each province, radios that were classified as rural but that were part of mountainous areas, deserts, lake areas and watercourses were excluded. This selection of radios yielded the territory to be covered by the AC 2008.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Each province was divided in Enumeration Areas (EAs) and each EA into census segments. Field enumerators using paper questionnaires canvassed the producers with EAPs in these segments.
Two types of questionnaire were used for data collection.
(a) The first, comprehensive questionnaire included the census items related to land, irrigation, crops, livestock, forestry, agricultural practices, machinery and equipment, labour and agriculture.
(b) The second questionnaire was used to collect some economic data on the holding.
The AC questionnaire included all 16 core items recommended by FAO for the WCA 2010, namely;
0001 Identification and location of agricultural holding
0002+ Legal status of agricultural holder
0003 Sex of agricultural holder
0004 Age of agricultural holder
0005 Household size
0006 Main purpose of production of the holding
0007 Area of holding according to land use types
0008 Total area of holding
0009 Land tenure types on the holding
0010 Presence of irrigation on the holding
0011 Types of temporary crops on the holding
0012 Types of permanent crops on the holding and whether in compact plantation
0013 Number of animals on the holding for each livestock type
0014 Presence of aquaculture on the holding
0015+ Presence of forest and other wooded land on the holding
0016 Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise
(a) DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Manual data entry was used for census data capture. SAS was used for data processing and analysis, and for generating tables.
(b) CENSUS DATA QUALITY
Post-census checks against external data, as well as against data from the previous census, showed that significant undercoverage had taken place. For this reason, only preliminary results were disseminated. Officially, 24 million ha are recognized not to have been censed (approximately 14 percent of the undercoverage).
Only certain provisional census data at the national level were disseminated (in October-November 2009). The census report, with final results, was not published, because data collection had not been completed in some important agricultural provinces, such as Buenos Aires and Corrientes. Instead, census results were published separately at provincial level only (for the 23 provinces).
Institute Nacional de Estadistica y Censos,
Direccion de Estadisticas del Sector Primario
Address: Av. Julio A. Roca 609 - 9°- Oficina 905 (C1067ABB) Buenos Aires, RepUblica Argentina
Telephone: (+54) 11 50314632
See also https://www.argentina.gob.ar/terminos-y-condiciones#2
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses