The first Agricultural Census (AC) was conducted in 1950 and the second in 1984. The 2013 AC, to which the present metadata review and data refer, was the third census to be conducted in the Plurinational State of Bolivia.
The First National Agricultural Census was carried out in 1950, three years before the 1953 Agrarian Reform. The data reflected a country characterised by latifundia with a total of 86,377 Agricultural Production Units (UPA) and a cultivated area of 654,251 hectares. The country did not conduct another agricultural census until 1984, the year in which the Second National Census was carried out Agricultural that was incomplete. However, in this Census showed important changes in the structure the number of agricultural holdings has increased, and the number of to a total of 519,399, with a cultivated area of 1,137,405 hectares.
The general objective of an Agricultural Census is to have up-to-date and structural information on the agricultural, livestock, forestry, hunting and fishing activities and others, through the quantification of the PPUs, which to establish policies, plans and programmes for development in favour of the agricultural sector.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study was agriculture (including forestry), livestock and infrastructure.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
Forests & Forestry
The statistical unit was the agricultural production unit (UPA), which "comprises the land or parcel, set of land or parcels, used wholly or partially for agricultural activities, and that is conducted as an economic unit by a producer, regardless of size, tenure or legal status".
Producers and sponsors
National Institute of Statistics (INE)
Ministry of Planning and Development
Ministry of Rural Development and Lands
The census frame was established using the list of producers at the community level, based on which UPAs and plots with agricultural activity were identified. The cartography and the list of producers facilitated the location of UPAs in the field
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Two questionnaires were used for data collection:
(a) Census ballot of the agricultural production unit (UPA):
I. Geographical census location of the UPA
II. Characteristics of the producer
III. Agricultural production unit
IV. Land use
V. Main uses and agricultural practices
VI. Livestock and poultry
VII. Main practices in livestock and poultry
VIII. Water sources for irrigation and animal consumption
IX. Forests or mountains
X. Hunting and fishing
XI. Assistance or support received, credit and insurance
XII. Infrastructure, machinery and equipment and implements for general use
XIII. Use of electricity, natural gas, animal traction and agricultural machinery
XIV. Staff working at the UPA
(b) Community census ballot:
I. Geographical census location of the community
II. General characteristics of the community
III. Availability of services
IV. Performance of different livestock species
V. Agricultural pests and diseases
VII. Technical assistance and services
VIII. Farm labour
IX. Forestry, fish farming and others
The AC 2013 census questionnaire covered all 16 core items recommended for the WCA 2010 round.
1. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Once the fieldwork was completed, the information was processed. The latter stage of work comprised: coding, data entry, processing, and building the database. Data entry and coding involved more than 700 persons. This activity was carried out from December 2013 to July 2014. At the same time, consistency criteria and data imputation rules were formulated, in cooperation with the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). For the CA, it was decided to use open-source Free Software technology. The SPSS programme was used to tabulate the results.
2. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
Validation of the census data was automated. Automatic criteria of consistency and imputation were established for each question, through the relationship of variables and the grouping of atypical cases or inconsistencies; in these cases, the PostgreSQL software was used.
Institute Nacional de Estadistica
Address: Jose Carrasco Avenue, No. 1391 - Miraflores, La Paz, Plurinational State of Bolivia
Telephone: (+591) 2 2222333
See also https://www.ine.gob.bo/index.php/transparencia/transparencia-institucional/#1590592933158-f9adfac0-3c02
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses