The first agricultural census (AC) in Chile was conducted in 1930. Since 1936, ACs have been carried out regularly, on a ten-year basis,' normally following the Population and Housing Censuses (PHCs). The present metadata review and data refer to the seventh AC, the 2006/2007 National Census of Agriculture and Forestry (CAF).
The general objectives of the VII National Agricultural and Forestry Census were the following:
- Obtain more stable background information on the main agricultural, livestock and forestry characteristics.
- Enable the definition of a framework for the conduct of surveys continuous, during the intercensal period.
- To obtain useful, reliable information at reduced geographical levels, which required by the various users in the public and private sectors.
- Facilitate the implementation of social programmes, support projects to small-scale agriculture and programmes linked to the development of rural areas, of both national and regional government.
- To provide detailed and reliable information for the elaboration of Agricultural sector accounts and for analysis, decision making and preparation of programmes and projects by the various public and private institutions and bodies and economic operators linked to agricultural activity.
- Enable international institutions to integrate information on the state of food and agriculture worldwide, according to the United Nations Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Agriculture and Food (FAO), through the Census Round World Agriculture 2010, which runs from 2006 to 2015.
- To enrich the historical series of statistical data, maintaining the national and international comparability.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes agriculture (including forestry), livestock, infrastructure and inputs.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Food (production, crisis)
Forests & Forestry
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the agricultural and forestry holding (AFH), defined as the unit comprising all land with crop, livestock or forestry managed by a holder, regardless of form of tenure or size. The holding may comprise part of a property (cadastral plot) or one or several adjacent or separate properties in the same commune, whenever they constitute a technical unit. Holdings were classified as being operated by: (i) a natural person; or (ii) a juridical person. The census results are provided for the overall AFHs, as well as separately for agricultural holdings.
Producers and sponsors
National Institute of Statistics (INE)
Ministry of Economy, Development and Reconstruction
The CAF 2006/2007 used, as the starting point, the database of cadastral properties built on the basis of the information obtained from the Cadastre Register, updated in June 2006, which was integrated with the data from the sixth National Agricultural Census (1997). The resulting list was distributed to each of the 15 regions in the country to locate the properties and verify coverage.
(b) Complete and/or sample enumeration methods
The CAF 2006/2007 was a complete enumeration operation of all agricultural holdings in the country.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
For data collection, one questionnaire was used (which contained 451 questions grouped into 17 sections):
Section i : general background
Section ii : annual crops and fodder
Section iii. Permanent and rotational fodder crops
Section iv : vegetables
Section v : flowers
Section vi : seedbeds
Section vii: vineyards and wine grapevines
Section viii: fruit plantations
Section ix: forest area
Section x : irrigation
Section xi : land use
Section xii : livestock and poultry
Section xiii : machinery and equipment
Section xiv : infrastructure and buildings
Section xv : employment on the farm
Section xvi : other queries
Section xvii : characterization of the farm households
Section xviii : livestock section
For the extreme zones of the country, the census questionnaire was supplemented with two annexes, which included specific questions relevant to those regions. The census covered all 16 items recommended by FAO to be collected in the WCA 2010.
(a) DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
The IT Department of the INE developed and implemented a computing and communication processing platform to provide support to all census phases, from data collection to data entry. This allowed for remote entry of the information collected during the census fieldwork, to perform the corresponding validations online and to execute the final storage in devices, all the while delivering the necessary security levels given the nature of the information processed. Data entry, validation and processing were carried out simultaneously in the 15 regions, which were divided into 61 census areas, each equipped with computers connected to the Internet by means of broadband connections.
(b) CENSUS DATA QUALITY
During the field data collection, two validation manuals were used ("Correction Guidelines"): (i) the first manual, for enumerators, included instructions on dealing with inconsistencies in filling in the questionnaire; (ii) the second manual, for supervisors, provided instructions on verifying the consistency of the information, etc. The validation manuals were applied both to the main census form and to the annexes formulated for "extreme" zones.
The preliminary results were delivered in 17 tabulations and made public in October 2007. They included information from all sections of the questionnaire. All of the information in the tabulations with preliminary results was disaggregated geographically up to the commune level. In April 2008, microdata were released at the regional level, ensuring due protection of statistical secrecy.2 The final tabulations, at national and regional level, were made available on the institutional website in April 2008. Printed reports and CD-ROMs are also available.
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Santiago de Chile,
Telephone: (+56) 2 3667777
See also http://www.ine.cl/estadisticas
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses