The first National Agricultural Census (AC)1 in the Republic of Colombia was carried out in 1960 and covered 16 administrative departments. The second AC was carried out in 1970 and covered 21 administrative departments. The AC 2014 was the third agricultural census conducted in the country and covered all rural areas.
The objective of the 2014 agricultural census in Clombia was to provide geo-referenced statistical information and updated of the agricultural, forestry and aquaculture sector, information on fisheries, as well as socio-demographic information on agricultural producers and the resident population in the rural area.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes agriculture, livestock. health and environment.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Forests & Forestry
Food (production, crisis)
Land (policy, resource management)
Coastal & Marine Management
Environmental Health/ Pollution Management
As for the statistical unit, two types of statistical units were defined in the third AC: (i) the agricultural production unit (UPA) and (ii) the non-agricultural production unit (UPNA). An UPA was defined as "a unit of organization of agricultural production that can be formed by a part of a property, a complete property, a set of properties or parts of continuous or separate properties, located in one or more municipalities, regardless of size, land tenure and the number of properties comprised, that must meet the following three conditions: (i) it produces crop, livestock, forestry or aquaculture products and/or develop activities related to capture fisheries intended for own consumption and/or for sale; (ii) it has a single agricultural producer that assumes the responsibility and risks of the productive activity; (iii) it uses at least one means of production such as buildings, machinery, equipment and/or labour". The UPNA was defined as a unit engaged in non-agricultural activities only, such as industry, trade and other services.
Producers and sponsors
National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE)
Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development
Technical Directorates of DANE
National Natural Parks Directorate
National Planning Department
The Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
The frame was established on the basis of the land registry and rural cadastre maps.
(b) Complete and/or sample enumeration methods
The third AC involved a complete enumeration of all UPAs and UPNAs in the rural areas of the country.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data Collection Notes
Data collection was carried out through both face-to-face interviewing, using CAPI with smartphones and with the PAPI method.
A single questionnaire was used for census data collection, for both UPAs and UPNAs covering:
· Size and land tenure of production units agricultural and livestock farming.
· Agricultural inventory, forest plantations, pastures, fodder, fruit trees scattered and nurseries.
· Livestock inventory; cattle, buffalo, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry, aquaculture
· Fishing and minor species.
· Agricultural production, size and distribution
· Association, technical assistance, financing and destination of production.
· Non-agricultural activities
· Identification of the Agricultural Producer.
· Socio-demographic information of the agricultural producer and the population resident: Population size, households, sex, age, literacy, level education, affiliation to social security in health
· Childcare, perception of poverty, effects of phenomena of displacement
· Housing conditions and access to basic services
· Land use and coverage
· Agricultural production systems, diversity and practices agricultural companies
· Use and restrictions of water and soil resources, waste management and energy
The AC 2014 covered all 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010
(a) DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Data capture was done using CAPI method (when electronic questionnaires were used), as well as manually (for printed questionnaires). An Integrated Monitoring and Operational Control System (SIMCO) served as the centralized system for data processing and archiving for the third AC. Four types of validation process were defined, according to the level of aggregation.
(b) CENSUS DATA QUALITY
To ensure quality in the design and preparation of the census, various field tests, including a pilot census, were carried out to evaluate the functionality of the census questionnaire, the productivity of the enumerator during the interview, the strategy of communication, etc.
Techniques of anonymization were applied to the database to ensure the confidentiality of the information, to enable safe access to the census microdata provided online.
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