The first nationwide census of agriculture (CA) in Paraguay was undertaken in 1942/1944. The second census was undertaken in 1957, the third in 1981 and the fourth in 1991. The National Census of Agriculture 2008,1 to which the metadata and data presented here refer, is the fifth CA to be conducted in the country.
The Census Agropecuario Nacional 2008 (CAN 2008), provides an updated diagnosis of the sector. The study aims to establish useful parameters that will allow to learn more about the reality of the agricultural situation in Paraguay. The results presented at the country level will be compared with the data of the 1991 National Agricultural Census (CAN 1991) in order to facilitate comparison and analysis of the information; at that level it presents the variation in percentage (%). In addition, the edition of information by size of farms, region and departments.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The census scope was agriculture, both small scale and large scale.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as all land wholly or partly used for agricultural production and operated as one technical unit under a single management or together with others, without regard to title, legal form, size or location. Two types of holdings are included in the definition: those "with land" (conventional holdings) and those "without land", for which the land is not a substantial input for production and the holdings are engaged in livestock farming.
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MGA)
Government of Paraguay
Directorate of Agricultural Censuses and Statistics
Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock
Government of Paraguay
i. Methodological modality for conducting the census
The CA 2008 was carried out using the classical approach. The census enumeration was conducted in two stages, to ensure full coverage.
The census frame was the cartography prepared in the pre-census phase.
iii. Complete and/or sample enumeration methods
A complete enumeration of holdings above the established thresholds was used in the CA 2008.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The fieldwork data collection was performed in two stages to ensuring full coverage. In the first stage, the country was canvassed and the identified holdings were interviewed. To complete the coverage, in the second stage, different types of producers that had not been enumerated during the first stage of enumeration were covered. The census was undertaken through personal interviews, using the PAPI method.
One questionnaire was used for data collection on:
The CA 2008 covered 14 of the 16 core items recommended in the 2010 WCA. The following core items were not covered by the CA:
(i) "Presence of aquaculture on the holding"
(ii) "Presence of irrigation on the holding"
(a) DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Data entry was done manually, by the recruited operators. Validation was carried out using a computer data validation program. Imputations were done by means of automatic allocation, based on the means of district production averages. The SPSS programme was used, based on the tabulated design of the 1991 census for comparability. The archives are placed on a central server and are managed through networks.
(b) CENSUS DATA QUALITY
A PES was conducted in February 2009 in four departments and seven districts to evaluate the quality of the data.
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Direccion de Censos y Estadisticas Agropecuarias
Address: Ciencias Veterinarias y Arsenales del Chaco Km. 10 - San Lorenzo, Paraguay
Telephone: (+595) 21 512238 / (+595) 21 512700
See also See https://www.dgeec.gov.py/
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses