The Census of Agriculture and Forestry in Japan was first conducted in 1950 in keeping with World Programme for Census of Agriculture 1950, advocated by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The Forestry Census has been conducted since 1960. Thereafter, Japan has conducted the World Census of Agriculture and Forestry every ten years based on International Convention focused on Economic Statistics. Japan has also conducted the Agricultural Census in the interim years between each World Census keeping in mind its original national perspective. From the 2005 Census of Agriculture and Forestry, the Forestry Census has been conducted every five years to ensure a unified and timely grasp of agricultural and forestry management. 2015 Census of Agriculture and Forestry is the fourteenth report for agriculture and the eighth report for forestry.
Basic Role of Census of Agriculture and Forestry:
(1) To grasp the basic structure and situation of agriculture, forestry and rural areas:
The Census aims to clarify the actual condition of basic structure and changes of agriculture, forestry and rural communities, such as structures of production and employment in agriculture and forestry and land resource in rural areas in Japan in order to prepare and provide statistics, which becomes the basic data for planning, drafting and promoting agricultural/forestry policy.
(2) Compile small area statistics and promote local agriculture/forestry policy:
Prepare and provide statistics of small areas such as municipalities and rural communities in addition to agricultural regions nationwide and prefectures in order to contribute to the promotion of agriculture/forestry policy nationwide, in prefectures and in municipalities.
(3) Acquire population information for effective use in sampling surveys:
The Census enables preparation and provision of population information with the information needed for efficiently conducting various statistical surveys that are necessary to promote agriculture/forestry policy.
(4) Make statistics available for international comparison:
The Census enables the preparation and provision of statistics needed for international comparisons of agriculture and forestry.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes:
· Farm Workforce
· Farm Machinery
· Production of Agricultural Product
· Entrusted Agricultural Work
· Characteristics of Agricultural Management
· Sales of Agricultural Product
· Entrusted Farm Work
· Forestry Labor Force
· Sales of Forestry Products
· Forestry Work
· Production of Raw Materials
· Entrusted Forestry Work
· Facilities Utilizing Local Resources (farm stands)
· Total Land Area and Forest / Grazing Land Area by Municipality and Former Municipality
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
Forests & Forestry
The subjects of this survey are Agriculture and Forestry Management Entities. Agriculture and Forestry Management Entities are defined as those engaged in or who have been entrusted to conduct (consigned) agriculture and forestry production activities where the area and number of feed livestock of the production or operation are above a certain size. (Refer to “Agriculture and Forestry Management Entities”.
However, the Areas under Evacuation Orders after the accident of Tokyo Electric Power Company Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (Areas under Evacuation Orders as of April 1, 2014, which are Narahamachi, Tomiokamachi, Okumamachi, Futabamachi, Namiemachi, the entire area of Katsuraomura and Iidatemura and part of Minamisoma city, Kawamatamachi and Kawauchimura of Fukushima Prefecture) are not included in this survey result.
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)
Government of Japan
The census frame was built based on the list of AFMEs, which contains the names and addresses of individuals and organizations that are possible AFMEs.
(b) Complete or/and sample enumeration methods
Complete enumeration was used for the CAF 2015 data collection.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Mail Questionnaire [mail]
Data Collection Notes
The information from the AFMEs was collected using the self-enumeration method. The census questionnaires were dropped off at the respondents' addresses and collected by the interviewers. For the survey of rural areas (municipalities) self-enumeration using the mail-out/mail-back method (via e-mail) was applied. Data collection on AFMEs and on rural areas was conducted through the MAFF network:
Three questionnaires were used for CAF data collection:
(i) a questionnaire for agriculture and forestry management entities
(ii) a questionnaire for rural areas (municipalities)
(iii) a questionnaire for rural areas (rural communities)
The CAF 2015 questionnaire covered 14 of the 16 core items recommended for the WCA 2010 round, namely:
0001 Identification and location of agricultural holding
0002+ Legal status of agricultural holder
0003 Sex of agricultural holder
0004 Age of agricultural holder
0005 Household size
0006 Main purpose of production of the holding
0007 Area of holding according to land use types
0008 Total area of holding
0009 Land tenure types on the holding
0010 Presence of irrigation on the holding
0011 Types of temporary crops on the holding
0012 Types of permanent crops on the holding and whether in compact plantation
0013 Number of animals on the holding for each livestock type
0014 Presence of aquaculture on the holding
0015+ Presence of forest and other wooded land on the holding
0016 Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise
The exceptions were the following items:
(i) "Presence of aquaculture on the holding"
(ii) "Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise".
No information was provided in the census reports available.
Quality checks, strict field supervision and follow-up on non-respondents were used to assess census data quality.
The CAF results were disseminated through printed publications and online. A preliminary report for the CAF was released in November 2015, and the final report was published in March 2016. Details were released through sequential publications, in eight volumes.
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Public Relations Office, Minister's Secretariat
1-2-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8950, Japan
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Address: 1-2-1, Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8950, Japan
Telephone: (+81) (0)3 -35028111
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