The first agricultural census (AC) in Georgia was conducted in 2004. The AC 2014 was the second AC, conducted in conjunction with the 2014 General Population Census (GPC)
Geostat conducted Census of Agriculture 2014 in accordance with the World Programme of Agricultural Censuses 2006-2015 recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The census was based on the FAO methodology. Statistics experts of FAO and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) were actively engaged at every stage of the census process. At the first stage, in November 2014, together with Population Census there was conducted Census of Agriculture for households. In addition to this, in spring 2015 there was conducted Census of Agriculture for legal entities. As a result, the census covered all agricultural holdings in the country (on the territory controlled by the Government of Georgia) – all households and legal entities, who, as of October 1, 2014, were owning or temporarily operating agricultural land, livestock, poultry, beehive or permanent crop (agricultural), regardless the fact whether there was produced any kind of agricultural product or not during the reference year. The census provided diverse information about agriculture of Georgia such is structure and use of land operated by holdings, livestock, poultry and beehive numbers.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes agriculture (including forestry) and livestock.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
Forests & Forestry
The main statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as an economic unit engaged in agricultural production under single management without regard to size and legal status. An economic unit that operates agricultural land or permanent crop trees, but that during the reference year has no agricultural production, is also considered an agricultural holding. As the AC 2014 data collection for the agricultural holdings in the household sector was carried out jointly with the GPC, the common statistical unit was the agricultural production household. Two types of agricultural holdings were distinguished: family holdings and agricultural enterprises.
Producers and sponsors
National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat)
Food and Agriculture Organization
U.S. Department of Agriculture
In 2013, Geostat conducted preliminary fieldwork to establish the list of dwellings and households existing in Georgia. The information received from the preliminary fieldwork was used to update and finalize the census frame for data collection. For agricultural enterprises, to ensure full coverage of the list of potential agricultural enterprises, all existing reliable sources in the country were used.
Dates of Data Collection
Non-household sector (legal entities and municipalities)
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
For the household sector, the information was collected through face-to-face (door-to-door) interviews using paper questionnaires (PAPI method). For the non-household sector, data collection was done by self-interviewing using an online questionnaire (the computer-Assisted Web interviewing method or CAWI).
One questionnaire was used for the AC 2014 data collection, in both paper and electronic format covering:
- Household roster
- Number of Holdings
- Structure of the Land Operated by Holdings
- Agricultural Land and Its Use
- Arable Land
- Permanent Crops
- Livestock and Poultry
The AC 2014 questionnaire covered 15 of the 16 core items recommended for the WCA 2010 round. The following item was not covered: "Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise".
(a) DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
For several months after the census enumeration, approximately 300 people worked on the digitalization of census data. They were permanently supervised by IT and other technical staff. In parallel, digitized questionnaires were compared with paper questionnaires by editors. Finally, data were cleaned by the appropriate division at the central office of Geostat. The data cleaning process used several methods. Data relating to large holdings were verified by telephone calls. In addition, different reliable sources (registers) were used to fill in missing data. Furthermore, donor imputation was used to fill in the missing values. For tabulation, a special software was prepared by Geostat. Geostat implemented a microdata archiving system to save the census data.
(b) CENSUS DATA QUALITY
Geostat conducted a PES to assess the quality of the AC. During the fieldwork, Geostat used a six-level control system, which involved the following categories of census staff: field work coordinator, regional coordinator, municipal supervisor, sector supervisor, instructor-coordinator and enumerator.
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