The first Census of Agriculture (CA) in the country was conducted in 1973, followed by CAs conducted in 1988, 1993 and 2003. The CA 2014, to which the metadata review and main results refer, is the last CA to be conducted by the country.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes:
- Listed and Enumerated Holders
- Agricultural Holdings
- Irrigated Cropland
- Rain-fed Crop land
- Number and Area of Orchards and Nurseries
- Cultivation Area of Crops in Open Air
- Area and Type of Greenhouse Activity
- Sheep and Lambs
- Goats and Kids
- Cows and Calves
- Buffaloes and Calves
- Camels and Calves
- Number of Holdings with Pisciculture
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit of the CA is the agricultural holding - an agricultural production unit, which includes all agricultural activities run under a single management. This unit is managed by the members of one or more households (natural persons) or by a company or a public institution (legal entity).
Producers and sponsors
Statistical Centre of Iran (SCI)
Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture
Government of the I.R. Iran
(a) The Modular approach
- In the Census of Agriculture in 2014 , the enumerators referred to all the households in rural and urban areas and completed the frame list for all of the holders and then filled in a holding questionnaire for each holding.
- The frame used for rural areas in the Census of Agriculture in 2014 was the list of villages based on the latest geographical divisions and the frame used for the urban areas was the comprehensive list of urban blocks map.
(c) Complete or Sample Enumeration Methods
- Complete enumeration method was used.
- List of agriculture holdings in metropolises and large villages was used for direct interviewing methods.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data Collection Notes
Enumerators filled in the census questionnaire for all agricultural holdings through face-to-face interviews. For the first time in the census history of Iran, the CA 2014 was carried out using CAPI (with tablets).
Four types of listing forms (specific for different types of units) were used to identify the holdings. Two census questionnaires were used to collect census data:
(i) the holding questionnaire
(ii) the village questionnaire
The CA 2014 covered 11 of the 16 core items recommended by FAO for the WCA 2010. The following core items were not covered by the CA 2014:
(i) "Household size"
(ii) "Main purpose of production of the holding"
(iii) "Land tenure types on the holding";
(iv) "Presence of forest and other wood land on the holding";
(V) "Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise".
See questionnaire in external materials.
(a) Data processing and archiving
- Data entry and editing in Tablets (done by the enumerators)
- Data editing in web-based system (done by the experts)
- The SCI conducted a general assessment of the data and and also conducted some imputations on them.
(b) Census data quality
- The SCI monitored all phases of the Census such as implementation and data processing
- Experts of the SCI and experts in the provinces checked the gathered data after the Census ended.
- The SCI also conducted post enumeration
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