The 2011 Agricultural Census (AC), to which the metadata review and data presented here refer, is the first AC to be carried out in Mongolia.
The main goal of the census is to study the complex indicators of agricultural sector are more detailed level, to create general system of data indicator and information, which meets the international standard and is comparable, and to establish data, necessary for customers’ demands and policy making for the sector. By conducting this census the master scope of sampling survey in agricultural sector will be prepared, as well the goal will be provided to create basic information, necessary to determine development policies by evaluating Millennium Development Goals, measuring poverty, controlling food safety and provision, evaluating and analyzing.
This census is the first census in agricultural sector, conducted in our country, and the main importance is the establishment of the detailed database, necessary to make analysis, based on the changes in roduction and structure of agricultural sector, to develop state and governmental policies on developing agricultural sector in the future and to summarizing the implementation. Also, we consider that the main importance is the establishment of the information, necessary to evaluate the Millennium Development Goals, to measure poverty, to make analysis, to control food safety and provisions, to make analysis, to evaluate roles of the women in agricultural sector, to improve statistic data on agricultural sector and to control the implementation of agricultural development policies.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
Households, business units, organizations, running their activities in livestock breeding, arable farming, forestry, fishery and hunting sectors in 2011 were involved to the agricultural census. It includes:
• Household, running livestock production
• Business unity, organization, running livestock production
• Household, running arable farming production
• Business unity, organization, running arable farming production
• Business unity, organization, running forestry activities
• Business unity, organization, running fishery activities
• Business unity, organization, running hunting activities and
• Primary administrative unit or soums.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Forests & Forestry
Land (policy, resource management)
For the objectives of the CA 2011, two types of statistical units were identified: (i) households and (ii) enterprises.
- Households: These could be (a) households with one person, who supplies own food for living and other consumption without uniting with other people and/or members of other
households; (b) all individuals in a household with several individuals, who supply own food for living and other consumption together in a group of two or more individuals. The household members may combine their income and may have one budget; however, they may or may not be legal relatives.
- Enterprises: Business units and other bodies and organizations.
Producers and sponsors
National Statistical Office (NSO)
Food and Agriculture Organization
Government of Mongolia
The census frame for the households involved in agricultural activities was established on the basis of the information collected during the pre-enumeration phase of the Population and Dwelling Census (PDC), conducted in 2010. The census frame for the holdings in the non-household sector was built using the results of the livestock census conducted at the end of 2011 and the 2011 Census of Business Units and Organizations. The sampling amount was determined by representation of the households, running livestock production and in about 33.0 percent or 70.0 thousand households out of total 211.7 thousand households, running livestock production in 2011, were sampled and involved to the livestock breeding survey. The survey sampling was conducted at each province and all the provinces and soums were involved in the sampling. "Systematic, proportional examination, group sampling" method was used in the sampling. The criteria was put on the number of livestock and divided to 6 groups. From the 70.0 thousand households, selected to the survey, 96.5 thousand households were involved.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Eight forms were used for data collection in the AC 2011, specific to each type of unit and activity:
- Questionnaire of households, running livestock production
- Questionnaire of enterprises, running livestock production
- Questionnaire of households, running agriculture activities
- Questionnaire on the enterprises, organizations, running agricalture activities
- Questionnaire on the enterprises, organizations, running fishery activities
- Questionnaire on primary administrative unit
- Questionnaire on the enterprises, organizations, running forestry activities
- Questionnaire on the enterprises, organizations, running hunting activities
The 2010/2011 AC questionnaires covered all 16 core items recommended for the WCA 2010 round.
Space photo was used in geographic data system in the agricultural census, which was the advantage, compared to the previous censuses, organized from NSO. Policy tasks of all stages to enter the census data to computer, to check and correction software were developed and the software was developed, based on this policy task. The work to enter the data to computer was made in NSO office and the working team of the agricultural census was responsible for all stage development works of checking and correcting in order to provide the information confidentiality and security. The census results were processed by CS Pro software to enter the data to computer and SPSS program to make statistic analysis. Also, classification and code search network software was used in coding the census data. Temporary employees were hired in order to execute the data processing of the agricultural census in short time and with high quality. 2 shift leaders and more than 30 operators participated in the census processing works.
The census data were processed using CSPro. SPSS was used for statistical data analysis.
Control and inspection works were made in the districts (duuregs) of the capital city and in the provinces and soums during the census, to monitor all phases of census data collection. Special controls were made to assess incomplete or incorrect completion of the questionnaires, more specifically in relation to questions about seed varieties, types of fertilizers, agrochemical analysis and soil erosion. Quality checks, inconsistencies checks and comparisons with external data were the main methods for assessing census quality.
- You are allowed to copy and distribute statistical data and other information on www.1212.mn.
- If you use and/or publish statistical data from our website www.1212.mn, you must state your source as follows (Source: National Statistics Office of Mongolia).
- You can access to statistical data and OPEN DATA using API interface.
- Private entities and organizations can use the National Statistics Office of Mongolia’s OPEN DATA in purpose of developing their new products and services.
- You can access to statistical integrated database via API using JSON and XML formats.
- You can use and disseminate NSOM’s data via API for profit and non-profit purposes.
- The API user should not send more than 1 request per second from a single IP address. Every request returns on maximum 100 000 values. If the system shows HTP-403 error, then the value has been exceeded its maximum value.
- You are not allowed to harm API interface, otherwise your access to the database will be canceled.
See also http://www.1212.mn/Terms_of_use.aspx
National Statistical Office
Address: Baga toiruu, Sukhbaatar district, Governmental Building III, Ulaanbaatar City, Mongolia
Telephone: (+976) 11 326414 / 322424
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses