The Agricultural Census (AC) 2010 was the sixth AC to be conducted in Estonia. The previous ones were conducted in 1919, 1925, 1929, 1939 and 2001.
There have been six Agricultural Censuses in Estonia, conducted in 1919, 1925, 1929, 1939 and in 2001 and 2010 after the restoration of independence. Publications on the Agricultural Census have been compiled since the 1925 census. The international recommendations concerning Agricultural Censuses have been followed since 1929 (one hectare as the minimum threshold of a holding, and so on). Thus, the results of the Agricultural Censuses are in general comparable with each other. No Agricultural Censuses were conducted while Estonia was under Soviet rule (1940–1991), but statistical data about all holdings (collective farms and state farms) were collected each year
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The census scope covered agricultural activities (crop and livestock production).
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
Forests & Forestry
Food (production, crisis)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding having at least 1 ha of UAA or the agricultural products of which were produced mainly for sale.
Producers and sponsors
Government of the Republic of Estonia
Agricultural Statistics Department
Government of the Republic of Estonia
The target population includes all holdings that satisfy the definition of the statistical unit and that were registered in the Farm Register. The Farm Register is regularly updated on the basis of various administrative and statistical sources.'
b. Complete and/or sample enumeration method(s)
The AC 2010 was conducted using complete enumeration
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI)
Data Collection Notes
Two methods were used for data collection: CAWI and Computer-assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI). The general helpdesk of Statistics Estonia was available during the census.
Two questionnaires were used for census data collection: one for natural persons and another for legal persons. The respondents could submit the census data through the electronic data transmission channel eSTAT.
AGRICULTURAL CENSUS 2010 QUESTIONNAIRE:
PART A. GENERAL DATA
PART B. LAND USE
PART C. PLANT GROWING PRODUCTION METHODS
PART D. NUMBER OF ANIMALS AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY PRODUCTION METHODS
PART E. LABOUR FORCE OF THE HOLDING
PART F. DESTINATION OF THE HOLDING’S PRODUCTION, EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCTION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY, OTHER GAINFUL ACTIVITY
PART G. SPECIFICATION OF THE MAIN LOCATION OF THE HOLDING
a. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
The census data were collected mainly through electronic questionnaires. Several types of controls were used, including controls to verify that the information was coherent and that the questionnaires were completed correctly and in full. There were also controls to identify inconsistencies compared to administrative data. Imputation was used on a very small scale and, generally, in case of unit nonresponse (holders that could not be contacted or in case of refusals). For refusals, imputations were mostly done using the cold-deck imputation method. Land use data and data on livestock were imputed only on the basis of administrative data. In the case of other characteristics, data from the Farm Structure Survey 2007 were used; when those data were missing, the hot deck nearest-neighbour imputation method was used.
b. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
Important efforts were made to ensure that the census questionnaires were carefully designed and accompanied by internal arithmetical and logical checks, to make sure that errors were caught and corrected during data collection. The use of electronic questionnaires, especially CAPI, also contributed to the quality of census data.
New technology was used in the AC 2010 for: (i) data capture, using CAWI and CAPI; (ii) collection of data on organic farming and rural development support, directly from administrative registers; and (iii) the online dissemination of census results and user access to microdata.
The preliminary data of the AC 2010 were published on 17 December 2010 in the form of a press release. The final results, together with metadata, were published on 15 December 2011 in the statistical database of Statistics Estonia. The census was published in September 2012 and is available on the Statistics Estonia webpage. Researchers can, under special contracts, use anonymized microdata for research purposes at the safe centre on Statistics Estonia's premises or using remote access. They can analyse the data, but the data must remain with Statistics Estonia until an employee has subjected the information to disclosure control.
Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department
Address: Tatari 51, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia
Telephone: (+372) 6259300
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses