The metadata review and data here presented refer to the last agricultural census (AC) conducted in France, in 2010. Previous agricultural censuses were conducted in 1955, 1970, 1979, 1988 and 2000. The first AC was carried out only in France, in Europe. In French territories (French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Reunion and Martinique), ACs were conducted starting from 1970.
The Statistical and Forecasting Service has been entrusted with the production of the AC 2010. (SSP) which is the central statistical department of the Ministry in charge of agriculture, (MAAPRAT) the central department is in charge of the design of the operation, the drafting of the questionnaire and instructions, the training of regional services, the final quality control of the data collected and of the first publication of the results. The SSP has relied on its specialised decentralised levels, the services regional statistics (NUTS2) of statistical and economic information (SRISE). The threshold definition of agricultural holding applied has been the same since 1955, and corresponds exactly to the one proposed by the European regulation. The geographical area is the whole of France; for the DOM the territories of Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthélemy are now excluded, Mayotte is not yet included.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The census scope covered agricultural (crop and livestock) production activities.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Forests & Forestry
Food (production, crisis)
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit in the AC 2010 was the agricultural holding, defined as an economic unit that participates in agricultural production and meets the following criteria:
· it has an agricultural activity either of production, or of maintenance of the lands in good agricultural and environmental
Producers and sponsors
Ministry of agriculture
Service for Statistics and Prospective
Technical operation - territories
Government of France
The basic list of agricultural holdings was built using the SSP farm register, the SIRENE register (business register), the list of farmers who had applied for aid (area declarations),' and some additional sources for beekeeping, olive oil, aromatic plants. The holding lists were checked at local level by communal commissions.
b. Complete and/or sample enumeration method(s)
The AC and SAPM were conducted using complete enumeration.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data Collection Notes
The field collection operation was conducted using the face-to-face CAPI method. Extensive use was made of the administrative data that supports the EU programmes for agriculture, such as on areas receiving aid, bovine livestock, organically farmed areas and livestock, and the vineyard register. These data were used to improve the coverage, lighten the response requirements, and check the quality of census data
Three questionnaires were used: one for France in Europe (including questions of regional interest) and two for France's overseas territories: one for Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion and another for Guyana.
The census covered all 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010. ie.
0001 Identification and location of agricultural holding
0002+ Legal status of agricultural holder
0003 Sex of agricultural holder
0004 Age of agricultural holder
0005 Household size
0006 Main purpose of production of the holding
0007 Area of holding according to land use types
0008 Total area of holding
0009 Land tenure types on the holding
0010 Presence of irrigation on the holding
0011 Types of temporary crops on the holding
0012 Types of permanent crops on the holding and whether in compact plantation
0013 Number of animals on the holding for each livestock type
0014 Presence of aquaculture on the holding
0015+ Presence of forest and other wooded land on the holding
0016 Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise
a. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
The CAPI interface included controls to ensure that there were responses to all questions. In addition, interactive range and consistency checks were included for each variable so that corrections could be made by the enumerator during the interview. Further edits and imputations were completed at the central office where the census validation and tabulation was completed. To ensure that the list of holdings was complete, several tests were conducted at the end of collection. All available administrative sources were used to verify that existing holdings had been identified and included. The key databases and registers used included that for EU agriculture aid applications, the national database of bovine identification, the computerized vineyard register, organic producer records, and some local registers for small productions. The data, after validation, were archived on secured servers.
b. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
To assess the quality of field data collection, completeness checks and feedback were performed at the end of field data collection operation, from March to June 2011. Data checking began during the collection phase on the farmer's premises. It then continued throughout the processing chain. A special effort was made to check the AC's coverage by using the administrative data available. The nonresponse rate was of only 0.96 percent, and the missing data were imputed using the hot deck method.
The first provisional census results were disseminated in September 2011, ten months after the end of the reference period. The main final results were made available at the end of February 2012, 16 months after the end of the reference period. The AC 2010 results were disseminated online and are available on the SSP website.9 The "ADEL" tool allows web users to build their own tables.
See also https://agreste.agriculture.gouv.fr/agreste-web/common/accessibilite/
Ministry of Agriculture,
Service for Statistics and Prospective,
Office of Structural,
Environmental and Forest Statistics
Address: BP 32 688, 31 326 Castanet Tolosan, France
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses