Luxembourg has participated in the WCA programme since the 1950 round. An agricultural census covering crops and livestock is undertaken annually, following almost the same criteria and definitions since 1953. Until 2010, the censuses were organized using an indirect data collection approach (that is, via municipalities). The Agricultural Census (AC) 2010, to which the metadata review and census data reported here relate, was conducted based on direct data collection.
A yearly Farm Structure Survey is organised in Luxembourg since 1953. This survey is used to meet the requirements of the European FSS. Until 2009 included, this survey was organised as a census with an indirect collection mode (i.e. via municipalities). For the reference year 2010, Luxembourg organised a direct data collection to satisfy the requirements of the Regulation (EC) no 1166/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on farm structure surveys and the survey on agricultural production methods and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 571/88 (hereafter referred to as
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The census scope covered agricultural activities (crop and animal production).
Agriculture & Rural Development
Food (production, crisis)
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as a single unit, both technically and economically, which has a single management and which undertakes agricultural activities listed in Annex I to the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No. 1166/2008 within the economic territory of the EU, as either its primary or secondary activity. The thresholds established for statistical units in the AC are presented in section 7.
Producers and sponsors
Service d'Oconomie rurale
Ministry Agriculture (MoA)
The frame was established based on the Register of Agricultural Holdings of the MoA, managed by the SER. The AC 2010 was conducted based on the complete enumeration of agricultural holdings that met national definition of statistical unit.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Mail Questionnaire [mail]
Data Collection Notes
Most of the AC data came directly from administrative sources gathered by the SER and provided to the STATEC. Data not available in administrative sources were obtained using census questionnaires collected directly from the holders, by post.
There was a single detailed census questionnaire for all holdings, irrespective of their size, consolidating the questions from both the AC and the SAPM. The survey questionnaires were sent directly to agricultural holdings via the SER, together with the subsidy application forms, and then returned by post to STATEC via the SER. The questionnaire covered all 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010.
0001 Identification and location of agricultural holding
0002+ Legal status of agricultural holder
0003 Sex of agricultural holder
0004 Age of agricultural holder
0005 Household size
0006 Main purpose of production of the holding
0007 Area of holding according to land use types
0008 Total area of holding
0009 Land tenure types on the holding
0010 Presence of irrigation on the holding
0011 Types of temporary crops on the holding
0012 Types of permanent crops on the holding and whether in compact plantation
0013 Number of animals on the holding for each livestock type
0014 Presence of aquaculture on the holding
0015+ Presence of forest and other wooded land on the holding
0016 Other economic production activities of the holding's enterprise
a. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
Data entry of the survey questionnaires was done by the STATEC staff from July 2010 onwards, using the BLAISE software tool for managing survey forms. Data entry involved manual inputting of data. In autumn 2010, the administrative sources obtained through the SER were combined with the survey data using an official common identifier form a combined micro data set. Microdata validation was performed at STATEC to check the accuracy and plausibility of both the survey and the administrative data. Item nonresponse was addressed using cold-deck imputation, hot deck imputation and, to a lesser extent, ratio imputation as well as deductive imputation.
b. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
The unit nonresponse rate was 2.7 percent. The administrative data of the SER were tested for multiple listing and misclassification errors.
The AC 2010 publications, data and tables are all available online on the Luxembourg statistics portal.
Institut national des statistiques et des etudes economiques (STATEC)
B.P. 304, L-2013 Luxembourg,
Grand-Duchy de Luxembourg
Telephone: (+352) 24784219
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses