The metadata review and data here presented refer to the last agricultural census (AC) in Montenegro, carried out in 2010. Previous agricultural censuses were conducted in 1931 and 1960.
The main concept of the Census of Agriculture (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Census’), organisation and methodology is based on the experiences of countries in the region that have carried out the census of agriculture, and own experiences from the previously carried out censuses, as well as on the methodology and recommendations of FAO World Programme for the Census of Agriculture 2010, taking into considerations specific characteristics of Montenegro. The main objective of the Census is to provide accurate, comprehensive and internationally comparable data on number of family agricultural holdings, area of total land used for agriculture, livestock by type and categories, agro-technical measures, agricultural machinery, etc.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The census scope covered agricultural activities (crop and livestock production).
Agriculture & Rural Development
Land (policy, resource management)
Food (production, crisis)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as a single unit, both technically and economically, which has a single management and which undertakes agricultural activities and meets certain minimum thresholds of activity which are similar to the EU and Council Regulation (EC) No. 1166/2008. Two types of holdings were distinguished in the AC 2010: (i) family agricultural holdings (holdings in the household sector); and (ii) business entities (holdings in the non-household sector).
Producers and sponsors
Statistical Office of Montenegro (MONSTAT)
Committee for the AC
The census frame was established based on a listing operation and using the available information from 2003 Census of Population, Dwellings, and Households. The listing operation helped to enumerate all households, and screen the agricultural production households that met the criteria applicable to holdings. The AC 2010 was conducted using complete enumeration of the target population.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The enumeration of family agricultural holdings was conducted by face-to-face interview, using the "door-to-door", PAPI method. Business entities were enumerated by self-interviewing, using the mail-out/mail-back ("postal") method.
Three data collection forms were used for the AC 2010:
· Form P-1 (Household Listing Form) was a listing of all households, aimed at identifying family agricultural holdings;
· Form P-2 for the enumeration of family agricultural holdings; and
· Form P-3 for the enumeration of business entities.
1. Land resources
2. Livestock resources
3. Agricultural production
4. Agro-technical measures
5. Facilities within holding
6. Organic agriculture
7. Agricultural machinery and equipment
8. Persons engaged in agricultural production
9. Other useful activities linked with holding
The census questionnaires covered all 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010.
a. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
For data entry, MONSTAT prepared an application called ENTRY. During data entry, statisticians controlled the accuracy of the entire process from the questionnaire on the application. Data entry took one month and a half. After entering, the material was controlled. To control the data in MONSTAT, an application called CONTROL was elaborated; this detected logical and arithmetical errors at questionnaire level. For the updating process, MONSTAT elaborated an application called CORRECTION. The application enabled viewing the errors in the questionnaire, as well as the type of error in the survey. The correction of the material was performed by MONSTAT employees. The complete software was done in the IT department of the MONSTAT. The application was made in Visual Basic 6.0 and the database was SQL Server 2000.
b. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
A PES was conducted immediately after the end of the AC enumeration, from 25 June to 5 July 2010. The PES was an effort to assess data quality and was carried out in EAs and municipalities selected at random. The PEC took place using special questionnaires, with a limited number of variables.'
The preliminary results of the AC 2010 were published in July 2010 in the form of a press release (only the number of holdings and UAA for farm agricultural holdings). The final results were published seven months after the release of preliminary results.2 The results of the AC 2010 are available in the form of tables and publications on the MONSTAT website.
Statistical Office of Montenegro - MONSTAT
Address: 81000 Podgorica, IV Proleterske 2, Montenegro
Telephone: (+382) 20 230811
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses