The first census of agriculture (CA) was carried out in Norway in conjunction with the census of population (CP) in 1835. Separate censuses devoted exclusively to agriculture were conducted in 1907, 1918, 1929, 1939, 1949, 1959, 1969, 1979, 1989, 1999 and the latest in 2010. The metadata review and data presented here refer to the data from this census. The CA 2010 was carried out together with the SAPM.
Census of Agriculture 2010 was conducted by Statistics Norway, Division for Primary Industry Statistics. The census was organized as a separate project in the division in the period 2008-2012. Complete censuses have been conducted about every tenth year since 1907. The Census of Agriculture 2010 comprised:
- A combined questionnaire and register-based census of 46 624 agricultural holdings
- A register-based census of 189 000 agricultural properties
The census covered both national and international user needs. Norway is obliged to report data on holdings to EU’s statistical office Eurostat in accordance with the EEA Agreement. This reporting was completed within the deadline set by Eurostat. Common data requirements, including a new typology for agricultural holdings, make it possible to present comparable statistics for all EU and EEA countries. Chapter 9 contains such statistics.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The census scope covered agricultural activities (crop and livestock production). The census included "agricultural and forestry property", irrespective of active farming.
Agriculture & Rural Development
Forests & Forestry
Land (policy, resource management)
The statistical unit was the agricultural holding, defined as a single unit, both technically and economically, which has a single management and which undertakes agricultural activities listed in annex Ito the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No. 1166/2008 within the economic territory of the EU, as either its primary or secondary activity.
Producers and sponsors
Statistics Norway (SN)
The classical approach was used in the CA 2010. Some census data were collected directly from administrative registers. The frame was the list of agricultural holdings which is annually updated by the SN on the basis of several administrative and statistical sources. The 2010 CA was conducted by complete enumeration of all known agricultural holdings.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Mail Questionnaire [mail]
Data Collection Notes
Data were provided partly from administrative sources' and partly from field data collection based on questionnaires. Self-interviewing, namely the mail-out/mail-back method was used for field data collection. The questionnaires were mailed from the SN to respondents in mid-July 2010. An electronic version of the CA questionnaire was also available on the Internet. The CAW! method was used by 24 percent of respondents
Four questionnaires were used for the CA. The census covered all 16 core items recommended in the WCA 2010.
- Agricultural activity on the holding
- Renewable energy
- Labout input
- Age of meadow
a. DATA PROCESSING AND ARCHIVING
The division for data processing retrieved the data by means of OCR, using the Eyes and Hands Software. Data were then loaded in an Oracle database. For data processing, DYNAREV was used. Due to missing or incorrect data items, follow-up contacts to the respondents by phone or e-mail were necessary.
b. CENSUS DATA QUALITY
Final checks were done on aggregated results. Aggregates of various characteristics were compared with results from previous surveys. Conformity checks at holding level between the census and the applications for governmental production subsidies were important. The items focused upon were type of holder (natural person - group holding - legal person) and the size of the UAA.
The presentation of preliminary results started on Internet in December 2010, while the first final results were presented in July 2011. The Internet is the main dissemination medium of statistics produced by the SN and tables and publications are all available free of charge on the SN website.
The Statistics Act sets out Statistics Norway’s rights and obligations as a producer of statistics. In FSS 2010 Statistics Norway collected data both from natural and legal persons via questionnaires and from administrative registers. One important principle for the data collection and the storage of data is the obligation to protect privacy and confidentiality. Guidelines are referred to in Statistics Norway’s safety manual. Data collected for statistical purposes shall, in general, not be used for administrative purposes. The statutory framework contains clear rules on how data should be treated, and all Statistics Norway employees must sign a confidentiality agreement. Data about individuals and enterprises must be treated in accordance with these rules to ensure that the confidence is maintained at a high level.
Division for Housing, property, spatial and agricultural statistics
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses