Pastoralists-driven Data Management System in Chad, 2018-2019.
Agricultural Survey [ag/oth]
This is part of a global project on Pastoralist-driven Data Management Systems. Similar studies were also conducted in Argentina and Mongolia.
Basic information is lacking about many pastoralist areas in the world. As a result, many services, programmes and policies do not effectively address the needs of pastoralist communities. The Government Cooperative Programme (GCP) project GCP/GLO/779/IF “Pastoralists-driven Data Management System”, was based on the idea that pastoralist associations could themselves collect, manage and share data from among their communities. This information could then be used to advocate for better targeted and pastoralist-friendly policies at local, national and international level. The project aimed at strengthening the capacities of pastoral organizations in data collection, analysis and information management, in order to facilitate evidence-based policy decision-making. It was implemented in Argentina, Chad and Mongolia, managed by the Pastoralist Knowledge Hub (PKH), and supported by the Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement - CIRAD).
In Chad, the project was implemented by the Billital Maroobe Network (Réseau Billital Maroobé - RBM). An innovative approach for collecting data was developed through close partnership among the stakeholders involved, and was adopted during two successive surveys. The two questionnaires for collecting data on pastoralism were discussed and adapted to the national context, through the contribution of the participants and their deep knowledge of the field. This was one of the most innovative and successful aspects of the project, i.e. the pertinence of the method, as a result of the proactive involvement of the beneficiaries. The first survey, which aimed to identify and describe the pastoralist population, gathered information on 8,938 households. The second survey, which was more in-depth and aimed to assess the pastoralist economy and its contribution to the national economies, was conducted on a sample (based on the results of the first survey) of 1,010 households. As well as demonstrating that pastoralist organizations had the potential to successfully manage data, the surveys revealed the actual contribution of pastoralism to the economy of the country. In particular, they showed that pastoralism contributed to the national economy more than studies usually indicated, as, owing to specific characteristics, such as high levels of self-consumption, pastoralists' contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was often underestimated . During the project, it emerged that pastoralism could contribute up to 27 percent to the GDP of Chad.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
The survey was conducted in two stages. The description of scope for the first stage includes the identification and description of pastoral households. The second survey was conducted on a sample of the pastoralist population, as estimated based on the previous survey. The aim was to gather information on the pastoralist economy and on the contribution of pastoralism to the national GDP.
Producers and sponsors
Réseau Billital Maroobé
Pastoralist Knowledge Hub
Food and Agriculture Organization
Agricultural Research Centre for International Development
Technical assistance in methodology and data analysis
Pastoralist Knowledge Hub
Food and Agriculture Organization
Ministry of Livestock and Animal Production
Government of Chad
International Fund for Agricultural Development
The first survey, which aimed to identify and describe the pastoralist population, gathered information on 8,938 pastoralist households in Chad. The second survey, which was more in-depth and aimed to assess the pastoralist economy and its contribution to the national economy, was conducted on a sample (based on the results of the first survey) of 1,010 pastoralist households.
Deviations from the Sample Design
The target regions for the second survey were originally 15, out of a total of 23 regions. However, owing to unforeseen constraints, only 10 regions were covered.
Sample weights were calculated for each of the data files.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
The surveys were conducted by the pastoralist organizations themselves. Each of them relied on a highly variable number of enumerators (from 10 to more than one thousand), and on one or more supervisors validating the collected data. The enumerators were selected by the organizations based on their information technology (IT) skills, level of education, availability, interest, knowledge of the local pastoral communities, and relevant experiences and skills, including language and communication skills (for more details, please see sections below).
Data Collection Notes
The surveys were conducted by the pastoralist organizations themselves. Each of them relied on a highly variable number of enumerators (from 10 to more than one thousand), and on one or more supervisors validating the collected data. The enumerators were selected by the organizations based on their information technology (IT) skills, level of education, availability, interest, knowledge of the local pastoral communities, and relevant experiences and skills, including language and communication skills.
The first data collection operation in Chad was launched in March 2018, involving 14 collectors, and was originally planned for a duration of four months. However, the results of this first operation were not satisfactory, owing to low technical skills among the collectors and a weak level of communication/collaboration between them and the national node of the RBM in Chad. Therefore, the RBM held another training and logistics session, which led to organizational changes, especially regarding the collectors' motivation and target. As a result, the data collection accelerated, and at the end of January 2019, 8,938 interviews were correctly conducted and uploaded on the Open Foris Collect server.
The second survey was carried out from March to June 2019 and targeted 1,066 pastoralist households, as recommended by CIRAD based on statistical requirements. The same 10 collectors were deployed throughout the national territory, and each of them was assigned to his native zone. The target regions were originally 15 of 23, but owing to unforeseen constraints, only 10 regions were covered. However, the data collection was successful, and 1,010 interviews were correctly conducted.
The survey was conducted in 2 rounds. For the first round, a short questionnaire was submitted to a representative of each household, addressing the following topics:
i) households' socio-demographic characteristics;
ii) livestock numbers and ownership;
iii) land tenure and access; and
iv) water access and use.
For the second round, the questionnaire focussed on the economic activity of pastoralists and their contribution to the national GDP. It covers the following topics:
i) household identification
ii) socio-demographic characteristics
iii) livestock herd composition
iv) products and final destination
v) agricultural production, fishing and hunting activity
vi) income and sales
vii) household expenses
viii) shock and adaptation strategies.
The microdata was anonymized by a Statistician at the Office of Chief Statistician of the Food and Agriculture Organization. All direct identifiers have been removed and standard anonymization techniques were applied.
The users shall not take any action with the purpose of identifying any individual entity (i.e. person, household, enterprise, etc.) in the micro dataset(s). If such a disclosure is made inadvertently, no use will be made of the information, and it will be reported immediately to FAO.
Micro datasets disseminated by FAO shall only be allowed for research and statistical purposes. Any user which requests access working for a commercial company will not be granted access to any micro dataset regardless of their specified purpose. Users requesting access to any datasets must agree to the following minimal conditions:
- The micro dataset will only be used for statistical and/or research purposes;
- Any results derived from the micro dataset will be used solely for reporting aggregated information, and not for any specific individual entities or data subjects;
- The users shall not take any action with the purpose of identifying any individual entity (i.e. person, household, enterprise, etc.) in the micro dataset(s). If such a disclosure is made inadvertently, no use will be made of the information, and it will be reported immediately to FAO;
- The micro dataset cannot be re-disseminated by users or shared with anyone other than the individuals that are granted access to the micro dataset by FAO.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.