Rural Youth Migration and Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture
Income/Expenditure/Household Survey [hh/ies]
The Rural Youth Migration and Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture survey in Senegal is implemented in collaboration with the National Agency for Statistics and Demography (ANSD) of Senegal in the regions of Matam and Kaolack. The survey represents an initiative by FAO and ANSD to fill the data and evidence gap in the field of rural migration and its links with agriculture and employment in rural areas.
The survey contains information on the dynamics and consequences of migration, social protection, the capacity of rural areas to create decent job opportunities for youth and to absorb new labour market entrants, the impact of remittances, and other transfers on employment dynamics, women's empowerment and food security.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Individuals and Households
The household survey covers:
-Household Characteristics: non-agricultural enterprises managed by a member of the holding, housing characteristics
-Individuals: Demographic characteristics, employment, current migration, past migration
-Crop Production: crops planted, land tenure, harvest, agricultural inputs
The main topics covered in the Pro-WEAI survey are:
-Access to productive capital
-Access to financial services
Regions of Matam and Kaolack
Producers and sponsors
Food and Agriculture Organization
National Agency for Statistics and Demography (ANSD)
Thu Hien Dao
Lisa van Dijck
Food and Agriculture Organization
The project was supported by Belgium, the Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland through the FAO Multipartner Programme Support Mechanism
The survey covers 67 primary sampling units, 39 of which are in the rural area of Kaolack and 28 in the rural area of Matam. The two regions were chosen for their distinctive migration patterns: Kaolack has a high rate of internal emigration; while Matam, has a high rate of international emigration. PSUs were randomly selected in each region (in rural areas), with probabilities being proportional to the size of the PSU (number of households per PSU). The household draw took place after listing all the households in each drawn PSU.
The listing provides all the information concerning the migration situation of each household. For the purposes of selecting households in the survey, five subgroups of households were identified in each PSU:
• Households with migrants receiving family allowance;
• Households with international migrants without family allowance;
• Households with internal migrants without family allowance;
• Households without migrants receiving family allowance;
• Households without migrants and without family allowance.
The number of households to be drawn varies according to the size of the subgroups. Overall, 999 rural households were interviewed with 10,380 migrant and non-migrant family members. The final sample includes 273 households with at least one international migrant, 354 households with an internal migrant but no international migrants, and 368 households with no current migrants.
The household sampling weight is the inverse of the product of the sampling probabilities. The weight of an individual is obtained by multiplying the weight of the household by the number of household members.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The users shall not take any action with the purpose of identifying any individual entity (i.e. person, household, enterprise, etc.) in the micro dataset(s). If such a disclosure is made inadvertently, no use will be made of the information, and it will be reported immediately to FAO
Micro datasets disseminated by FAO shall only be allowed for research and statistical purposes. Any user which requests access working for a commercial company will not be granted access to any micro dataset regardless of their specified purpose. Users requesting access to any datasets must agree to the following minimal conditions:
- The micro dataset will only be used for statistical and/or research purposes;
- Any results derived from the micro dataset will be used solely for reporting aggregated information, and not for any specific individual entities or data subjects;
- The users shall not take any action with the purpose of identifying any individual entity (i.e. person, household, enterprise, etc.) in the micro dataset(s). If such a disclosure is made inadvertently, no use will be made of the information, and it will be reported immediately to FAO;
- The micro dataset cannot be re-disseminated by users or shared with anyone other than the individuals that are granted access to the micro dataset by FAO.
Food and Agriculture Organization, National Agency for Statistics and Demography (ANSD). Rural Youth Migration and Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture, Senegal, 2018. Dataset downloaded from https://microdata.fao.org.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses