The 2014 National Agricultural Census (CNA) is the 3rd CNA conducted in Colombia. This first census carried out in 1960 covered 16 departments (Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca), for a total of 27,337. 827 hectares that included land dedicated to livestock production located in urban areas and 1,209,672 units of agricultural exploitation. The second census conducted in 1970 covered 21 departments and 815 municipalities (Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Arauca, Casanare, Quindío, Risaralda, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander , Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca), for a total of 30,993,190 hectares, which included land dedicated to livestock production located in urban areas and 1,176,811 units of agricultural exploitation.
In general, these national agricultural censuses are a very important reference for the 3rd CNA. The three censuses have some similar technical elements that make them comparable, such as the definitions of the Agricultural Production Unit (UPA) and the Agricultural Exploitation Unit (UEA), the structural issues and the general objectives.
Some of their differences are:
1. The first two censuses did not include: fishing, aquaculture, planted forests, natural forests and non-agricultural activities within the agricultural activity.
2. In the 1960 census size limits were established in area and number of animals to define the UEA or UPA, as follows: crops from 200 square meters; raise a minimum of three pigs; a minimum of 1 head of cattle or raising a minimum of 100 hens, and having sold $100 in agricultural products in 1959.
3. The first two censuses collected livestock information in the urban area, while the 3rd CNA is only a census of the dispersed rural area and as such does not cover the urban area or the populated centers defined in the Administrative Political Division (DIVIPOLA). The dispersed rural area corresponds, according to DIVIPOLA, to the so-called Class 3 of each municipality.
4. In relation to the size limits of the exploitation unit, the 1970 censuses and the current 3rd CNA have no size limits in area or number of heads to be defined as UPA or UEA.
The 3rd CNA, unlike the two previous censuses conducted in the country, covered all the agricultural and non-agricultural productive activity carried out in the dispersed rural area of the country. They included: all units of independent analysis of productive activity; size; land tenure and location, and the Non-Agricultural Productive Unit (UPNA) was created to collect data where the productive activity is only non-agricultural.
Likewise, adaptations were made to the definitions of UPA and producer to better reflect the agricultural and non-agricultural activity in ethnic territory and new topics related to production, the fisheries subsector, environment and some social aspects that reflect the reality of the area were included.
Since a statistical investigation of this type had not been carried out since the last census conducted in the country, the country did not have updated agricultural statistical information of a technical and exhaustive nature at the level of agricultural and non-agricultural units and of national coverage.
Since 1971, the information used in the agricultural sector came from various statistical exercises such as: annual estimates by consensus; annual estimates through probabilistic sampling surveys, and annual estimates by administrative records.
All these estimates had the following limitations: low geographic and thematic coverage; lack of statistical representativeness; non-standardized or harmonized data, and different variables, terms and classifications that do not allow comparability between them. On the other hand, during this period, subsector information systems were strengthened, with some of them having good statistical quality.
Since 1960, a national agricultural census was not carried out in Colombia, and during this time there has been a lack of agricultural statistical information of a technical and representative nature that agricultural surveys have not provided. With this context and the urgent need that the country had to have information on the agricultural sector that guaranteed its representativeness and reliability at a technical level, as well as in terms of comprehensive and updated information, the realization of the 3rd National Agricultural Census (CNA) was determined.
This census aims to provide georeferenced and updated statistical information on the agricultural, forestry, aquaculture, fisheries and environmental aspects; as well as agricultural producers and the population residing in the dispersed rural area for public policy decision making, and the structuring of the Agricultural Statistical System (SEA), a component of the National Statistical System (SEN).
The 3rd CNA considers, as part of its requirements, to be a thematic complement in the rural space for the next Population and Housing Census. For this reason, one of its objectives is to quantify housing, homes and the resident population and establish its basic socio-demographic characteristics, as well as, to recount non-agricultural economic activities.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The topics covered include:
- Use of the land or farms that make up the Agricultural Production Unit (UPA).
- Characterization of agricultural producers.
- Formation of the UPA
- Inventory and agricultural practices in the UPA.
- Livestock inventory.
- Fishing activity
- Inventory of machinery and constructions for agricultural use
- Sustainability of agricultural activity
- Total area in land use and cover within the UPA
- Identification of the UPA in indigenous protection and lands of the black communities
- Non-agricultural activity in the UPA
- Quantification of homes and homes in the UPA
- Sociodemographic characterization of the habitual Residents in the UPA.
Rural, agricultural and forestry production
Natural resource and energy
Distribution of animal and plant species
Planted and sown area
Scattered fruit and forestry trees
Permanent and transient crops
Agricultural Production Unit (UPA)
Housing and habitual resident
The study universe of the 3rd CNA, 2014 is the entire rural area of the country.
In addition, the 3rd CNA will allow to gather complete information of the natural or legal persons (agricultural producers) on whom the responsibility falls to adopt the main decisions on the use of the available resources, the use of the factors of production (work, capital, machinery, etc.) and administrative control on the property, parts of land or set of land with agricultural activity.
Producers and sponsors
National Administrative Department of Statistics - DANE
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
National Administrative Department of Statistics
Directorate of Information, Marketing and Statistical Awareness
Law 79 of 1993 Article 5:
The data provided to the National Administrative Department of Statistics DANE, in the development of censuses and surveys, may not be disclosed to the public or official entities or bodies, or public authorities, but only in numerical summaries, which do not make it possible to deduce from them any information of an individual nature that could be used for commercial, taxation, judicial investigation or any other purpose other than the statistical one.
Access to anonymous microdata for public use is free and will be available on the DANE website.
Access to anonymized microdata by license, when it requires additional processing, may have a cost that will be defined by administrative act.
For more information about the dissemination of statistical information, see:
The use of the information contained in this portal is authorized, provided that the following textual quotation is made: "Source: National Administrative Department of Statistics: www.dane.gov.co". It is instead prohibited to copy or reproduce the data in any electronic medium (networks, databases, CD ROM, diskettes) that allows the availability of this information to multiple users without the prior approval of DANE by written means.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses
DDI Document ID
Office of the Chief Statistician
Food and Agriculture Organization
Metadata adapted for FAM
Ramón Ricardo Valenzuela Gutierrez
Department of Information, Marketing and Statistical Awareness (DIMCE)
DIMCE Technical Director
Marly Johanna Tellez lopez
Department of Information, Marketing and Statistical Awareness (DIMCE)