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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - The Lancet Global Health
Title Liberal trade policy and food insecurity across the income distribution: an observational analysis in 132 countries, 2014–17
Volume Volume 8
Issue Issue 8
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2020
Page numbers 1090-1097
URL https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(20)30263-1/fulltext
Abstract
Eradicating food insecurity is necessary for achieving global health goals. Liberal trade policies might increase food supplies but how these policies influence individual-level food insecurity remains uncertain. We aimed to assess the association between liberal trade policies and food insecurity at the individual level, and whether this association varies across country-income and household-income groups.
For this observational analysis, we combined individual-level data from the Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN with a country-level trade policy index from the Konjunkturforschungsstelle Swiss Economic Institute. We examined the association between a country's trade policy score and the probability of individuals reporting moderate-severe or severe food insecurity using regression models and algorithmic weighting procedures. We controlled for multiple covariates, including gross domestic product, democratization level, and population size. Additionally, we examined heterogeneity by country and household income.