The first agricultural census (AC) in Viet Nam was conducted in 1994. The second AC was carried out in 2001, which was followed by those carried out in 2006 and 2011.1 The 2011 AC,2 to which the present metadata review and data refer, is the fourth agricultural census to be carried out in the country and the second AC to be carried out in the 2010 WCA round.
In recent years, Vietnam’s agricultural production and rural areas have developed in the context of implementation of the 10-year National Socio-economic Development Strategy (2001 - 2010) and the 5-year Socio-economic Development Plan (2006 - 2010), with major orientations, goals to 2010: promoting comprehensive reform, actively and positively integrating into the international economy, maintaining social and political stability, soon taking the country out of underdevelopment situation; several specific objectives: 5-year GDP from 2006 to 2010 increases annually from 7.5 to 8.0% on average; in 2010 AFF sector accounted for 15-16% of GDP; poverty rate according to new standard 10-11%.
Kind of Data
Census/enumeration data [cen]
Unit of Analysis
The scope of the study includes:
1. Farm questionnaire
· General information of the farm
· Farmland area in use
· Major equipment and machinery of the farm
· Farm application of information technology
· Production, business earnings of farm
· Total value from economic sectors
2. Community questionnaire
3. Household questionnaire
Agriculture & Rural Development
Food (production, crisis)
Land (policy, resource management)
Community Driven Development
The following statistical unit& were covered in the AC 2011: (i) households in rural areas; (ii) agricultural, forestry and fishery households in urban areas; (iii) farms above an established threshold, as specified in section 7 below; and (iv) communes. The AC results also included information on agricultural, forestry and fishery enterprises and cooperatives. These data were collected using the Enterprises Survey 2011, conducted by the GSO.
Producers and sponsors
General Statistics Office (GSO)
Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI)
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Ministry of Finance
A combination of complete and sample enumeration was applied for the 2011 AC. The census was taken by complete enumeration of the rural households, agricultural, forestry and fishery households in urban areas, and farms, as well as of the People's committees of communes (using Forms 01-03 as specified below in "Questionnaires" subsection). A sample enumeration was conducted to collect additional in-depth information on household economics from rural households (using Form 04).
Two stage-systematic sampling design was applied for the sample component. In the first stage, EAs (as PSUs) were selected with PPS (the number of rural households was used as a measure of size). In the second stage, 30 households were selected in each sampled EA. A sample of 75 000 households in rural areas (0.5 percent of rural households) was selected from 2 500 EAs in 63 provinces.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The Census was conducted using a household, community and farm questionnaire. The questionnaires are attached as additional documents in the documentation tab.
1. Household, population and health insurance;
2. Labour, main income source and major economic activities of the household;
3. Agricultural production land, forestry land, area for aquaculture and land for producing sea salt;
4. Area of animal husbandry, plantation and fisheries;
5. Living environment and household facilities;
6. Major equipment and machinery of the household.
1. Basic community information;
2. Planning new rural construction, electricity, and rural road;
3. Kindergartens, schools;
4. Post office, culture, cultural house, library and telecommunications access;
5. Health care, purified water and environment;
6. Irrigation, agriculture, forestry, fishery extension and veterinary services;
7. Markets, banks, credit agencies, processing factories;
8. Social policy implementation;
9. Land use and land use change;
10. The collective economy and trade villages;
11. Social, working conditions, and qualifications of community officers.
1. General farm information
2. Farm land area in use
3. Major equipment and machinery on the farm
4. Farm application of information technology
5. Production and business earnings of the farm
6. Total value from economic sectors
A scanning technique was used for one questionnaire (Form 01/TDTNN-HO). Manual data entry was applied for the remaining questionnaire forms. The GSO developed a specific statistical software to store a database and to build up tabulations. Most of the statistical indicators were generated by a specific statistical software, using the SPSS and Stata to extract the data from the AC database. A data warehouse was developed to enable data users to extract and build up tabulations based on the AC database.
The GSO carried out a PES to evaluate the census coverage and content.
General Statistics Office
Address: 6B Hoang Dieu - Ba Dinh - Ha Noi, Viet Nam
Telephone: (+84) 4 73046666 / 3663
See also https://www.gso.gov.vn/en/rural-agricultural-and-fishery-census/
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses